HIV & the criminal law

The tweets displayed below are from the HIV Justice Network twitter feed. You can follow HIV Justice Network on twitter at


  • RT @OwomugishaImmac: Edwin @HIVJusticeNet emphasizing alternatives to HIV criminalization. @Uganetlaw need to advocate for this. https://… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @KELINKenya: Watch video on @KELINKenya's work in advocating against unlawful detention of TB patients in prison… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @saraichisala: The EL case has international relevance and significance especially since several other jurisdictions have similar provis… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @saraichisala: Wesley Mwafulirwa of Malawi describing how he was fired up from a @Follow_SALC HIV criminalization training & that drove… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: Tinashe Mundawara, Senior Programme Manager for Special Projects at Zimbabwe Lawyers for Human Rights, shares technical su… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @_ARASAcomms: We are privileged to be hearing directly from Wesley Mwafulirwa, who represented EL in a case where she was criminalised f… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: Brian Citro, Assistant Clinical Professor of Law at Northwestern Pritzker School of Law in the Center for International Hu… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @saraichisala: @Follow_SALC @HIVJusticeNet Great session by Edwin Bernard and Dr Venter. 👏👏👏👏👏 So much information to digest; and some… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: Annabel Raw shares the HIV Criminalisation Defence Case Compendium. Available for download on the SALC website: https://t.… 22 Feb 2018
  • RT @MalecheAllan: Dr. Tom Boyle’s slide sums it up! #Lawyers4HIVTBJustice #TBisnotacrime @WHOAFRO @WHO @_AfricanUnion what are we doing as… 21 Feb 2018
  • RT @KELINKenya: @Wanameme facilitates the conversation on TB and scientific knowledge. The lawyers need to understand the science to ably r… 21 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: We've begun the fifth session on TB and Scientific Knowledge Facilitator: Timothy Awafula (KELIN) A conversation with: - C… 21 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: Edwin Bernard @HIVJusticeNet notes an exciting new forthcoming Toolkit from HIV Justice Worldwide on Making the Media Work… 21 Feb 2018
  • RT @KELINKenya: Watch today's session on HIV & TB criminalisation: Science and impact, facilitated by @MalecheAllan at the Strategic Litiga… 21 Feb 2018
  • RT @KELINKenya: "We have a growing body of evidence for Impact of HIV Criminalisation. It is however unfortunate that we are making law and… 21 Feb 2018
  • RT @_ARASAcomms: The Lawyers for HIV and TB Justice Training on Strategic Litigation, Legal Defense and Advocacy brings together lawyers an… 20 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: He-Jin Kim @_ARASAcomms and @saraichisala both emphasize how the application of laws on HIV and TB do not exist in a socia… 20 Feb 2018
  • RT @_ARASAcomms: Justice Edwin Cameron: "The greatest fallacy is that laws that criminalise HIV protect people who do not have HIV. They dr… 20 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: Justice Cameron remains the only openly HIV+ person holding public office in SA - visibility and voice is central to drivi… 20 Feb 2018
  • RT @Follow_SALC: Justice Edwin Cameron: “HIV has been the most stigmatized disease in history” - stigma is a hurdle to all our efforts to c… 20 Feb 2018

  • Preface

    By The Hon. Michael Kirby AC CMG and Edwin Cameron, Justice of the Constitutional Court of South Africa...

  • Introduction

    How this resource addresses the criminalisation of HIV exposure and transmission. ...

  • Fundamentals

    An overview of the global HIV pandemic, and the role of human rights and the law in the international response to HIV. ...

  • Laws

    A  history of the criminalisation of HIV exposure and transmission, and a brief explanation of the kinds of laws used to do this....

  • Harm

    Considers the actual and perceived impact of HIV on wellbeing, how these inform legislation and the legal construction of HIV-related harm. ...

  • Responsibility

    Looks at two areas of responsiblity for HIV prevention: responsibility for HIV-related sexual risk-taking and responsibility to disclose a known HIV-positive status to a sexual partner. ...

  • Risk

    An examination of prosecuted behaviours, using scientific evidence to determine actual risk, and how this evidence has been applied in jurisdictions worldwide....

  • Proof

    Foreseeability, intent, causality and consent are key elements in establishing criminal culpability. The challenges and practice in proving these in HIV exposure and transmission cases....

  • Impact

    An assessment of the impact of criminalisation and HIV – on individuals, communities, countries and the course of the global HIV epidemic....

  • Details

    A summary of laws, prosecutions and responses to criminalisation of HIV exposure or transmission internationally, and key sources of more information....

  • Blog

    Recent posts from writer and advocate Edwin J Bernard's blog are reproduced here, with Edwin's permission. ...

HIV & the criminal law

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.