Transmission and prevention: latest news

Transmission and prevention resources

  • Oral sex

    Many people enjoy giving and receiving oral sex – kissing, licking or sucking another person’s genitals.The risk of getting HIV from performing oral sex on...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • How to get PrEP in the UK

    In England, PrEP is available to people taking part in the PrEP Impact trial.In Wales and Scotland, PrEP is available through NHS sexual health clinics.It is also...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission and viral load

    An undetectable viral load shows that HIV treatment is working well and that there is very little HIV in body fluids.In this situation, the risk...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Transmission facts

    HIV can only be passed on when one person's body fluids get inside another person. HIV can be passed on during sex without a condom,...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Undetectable viral load

    If your viral load result is undetectable, there is only a little HIV in the body. The aim of HIV treatment is to have an...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Transmission and the law

    Some people have gone to prison because they have passed HIV on to another person. They were convicted of 'recklessly transmitting HIV'.In England and Wales,...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)

    PrEP is highly effective in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV. For PrEP to work well, it’s important to take the pills regularly.While PrEP can...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

    PEP involves taking a 28-day course of anti-HIV drugs, after possible exposure to HIV.Doctors will assess your risk of HIV infection before prescribing PEP.PEP is available from...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Using anti-HIV drugs to prevent HIV

    The goal of HIV treatment is an undetectable viral load. An undetectable viral load means that your blood has a level of HIV below the level which...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Condoms

    Male and female condoms provide excellent protection against HIV and most other sexually transmitted infections. To be effective, they need to be used correctly. Where possible, choose a...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV and having a baby

    Women living with HIV can give birth without passing on HIV to the baby.Your options for conception will depend on your health and your partner’s...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV transmission

    The two main ways in which HIV is passed on are unprotected vaginal and anal sex.Condoms, PrEP and HIV treatment are effective ways of preventing...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Viral load and transmission – a factsheet for HIV-negative people

    People with HIV who are on treatment and have an undetectable viral load are extremely unlikely to pass on HIV.Large scientific studies have proven this.Not...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Viral load and transmission – a factsheet for people with HIV

    Effective HIV treatment reduces the amount of HIV in your body fluids.Having an undetectable viral load greatly reduces your chance of passing HIV on to...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Condoms

    Condoms protect against HIV, other sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy.Both female and male condoms are available.It’s important to follow the advice on how to use...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • PrEP

    This briefing paper provides an overview of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people planning, commissioning or providing HIV prevention activities in the UK. It does this by reviewing...

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Sex and HIV

    Sex, desire and pleasure need not stop when you have an HIV diagnosis. Women continue to be sexually active and to have fulfilling sexual and emotional relationships. Many...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Sex

    Having HIV can affect people’s feelings about sex in many different ways. Some people become anxious about passing HIV on, or feel less desirable. While some people go...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission of drug-resistant virus

    Some people contract HIV that is already resistant to one or more anti-HIV drugs (this has been the case for between 6 and 10% of people in...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV treatment as prevention

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, describes the scientific evidence for HIV treatment as prevention and considers its implications for the UK....

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Undiagnosed HIV infection

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, covers undiagnosed HIV infection and late diagnosis of HIV in the UK....

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Behaviour change

    A practical introduction to the evidence regarding the effectiveness of non-biomedical HIV prevention methods....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis

    Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been in use, in healthcare settings, since 1988. Providing PEP after sexual exposure is more controversial....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

    Pre-exposure prophylaxis is an experimental HIV-prevention strategy that would use antiretrovirals (ARVs) to protect HIV-negative people from HIV infection....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Microbicides

    Microbicides are any substances which protect people against infection by microbes, such as viruses or bacteria, on contact with those microbes....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Preventing HIV

    An essential resource providing evidence-based information on preventing HIV infection. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4
  • Risk

    An examination of prosecuted behaviours, using scientific evidence to determine actual risk, and how this evidence has been applied in jurisdictions worldwide....

    From: HIV & the criminal law

    Information level Level 4
  • HIV transmission & testing

    A practical guide to the complexities surrounding HIV transmission routes, risks and HIV testing. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4

Transmission and prevention features

Transmission and prevention in your own words

  • Bored and horny

    It’s Sunday afternoon and it’s raining. I’m bored and horny. However, I’ve got £20 left over from the night before and this will be enough...

    From: In your own words

Transmission and prevention news from aidsmap

More news

Transmission and prevention news selected from other sources

  • Children Exposed to Drugs, Violence Experience Higher Incidence of HIV as Adults

    Evidence suggests that exposure to certain types of mental and physical stress in adolescence may make it more likely that as adults they will practice behaviors that increase the risk of HIV infection.

    07 January 2018 | MD Mag
  • Do HIV-Preventing Microbicides Have a Future in the Age of PrEP?

    Courting controversy, the NIH considers a shift away from the development of new vaginal or rectal-based HIV prevention products.

    11 December 2017 | Poz
  • Medical circumcision efforts gained ground against new HIV infections, but not enough

    Focused efforts to protect men and boys from HIV led to more than 14.5 million medical circumcision procedures globally between 2008 and 2016, enough to avert an estimated half million infections by 2030, according to a report released today.

    07 December 2017 | Science Speaks
  • Undetectable = Untransmittable. So Why The Hell Isn’t That Catching On?

    One can’t help but wonder what role racism plays in the field’s apparent distrust of people with HIV. [They] have been knowing (and practising) viral suppression as a responsible and ethical prevention strategy for years, with limited support from their providers - sometimes facing stigma and discrimination as a result of this choice. It’s a travesty that it took this long for public health and the HIV field to catch up. And have we really? How many HIV and LGBTQ organizations have retrained their staff to make sure they understand the science?

    04 December 2017 | Huffington Post
  • Why is HIV prevention among young women and girls not working? We have forgotten the men

    Urgent action is needed on two fronts. The first is challenging and transforming harmful gender and social norms that discourage men from seeking health services and behaviours that increase the likelihood of HIV transmission to women and girls. The second is to ensure that health systems in general, and health service delivery specifically, are designed in a way that will meet men where they are with HIV-related services.

    04 December 2017 | Daily Maverick
  • I Couldn't Get PrEP, and Now I'm Living With HIV

    I'll never forget the day I discovered that I had HIV. It was a Monday, last October. I'd recently moved to San Francisco but was in Los Angeles for work when I got the call. The voice of the case manager on the other end sounded shaky, like he felt sorry for having to tell me something so important over the phone. My head swirled. How could this happen?

    28 November 2017 | The Body
  • 1 in 2 people living with HIV in Europe is diagnosed late: ECDC and WHO urge improvement in testing practices

    The HIV epidemic continues to rise at an alarming pace in the European Region, mostly in its eastern part, which is home to almost 80% of the 160 000 new HIV diagnoses. Over half (51%) of the reported HIV diagnoses happen in a late stage of infection and the proportion diagnosed late increases with age.

    28 November 2017 | World Health Organization
  • A reduction in new HIV diagnoses is no reason to reduce effort

    The drop in new diagnoses among gay and bisexual men must be seen as an indicator of the reductions that are possible, rather than meaning that the job is done or that a downwards trajectory in new diagnoses will continue in the future. Importantly, so far these reductions have only been seen in one population group.

    15 November 2017 | The King's Fund
  • HIV/AIDS in the US: the importance of local perspectives

    Some recent studies have sought to demonstrate the importance of spatial location as a determinant of STI prevalence in its own right. However, the most striking outcome reported in a Philadelphia study are findings concerning the relationship of race and sex to the mode of HIV transmission.

    14 November 2017 | BMJ Group blogs
  • £600,000 funding of 12 projects by PHE to help prevent HIV

    Public Health England (PHE) has announced the projects which have been awarded funding from the HIV Prevention Innovation Fund for 2017 to 2018. The projects have been chosen from across England to receive total funding of £600,000 from the Department of Health through PHE.

    14 November 2017 | Public Health England
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Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.