Opportunistic infections: latest news

Opportunistic infections resources

  • Septrin (cotrimoxazole)

    This antibiotic is needed by people who have a low CD4 count. It prevents infection with pneumonia and toxoplasmosis. Higher doses can also be used to treat pneumonia. Some people have allergic...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Tuberculosis

    Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection that usually affects the lungs.It can be very serious, particularly for people living with HIV who have a low CD4 count.TB can...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Cancer and HIV

    Rates of some, but not all, cancers are higher in people living with HIV than other people.For many cancers, treatment works just as well for...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Herpes

    Herpes is transmitted by contact with skin where the herpes simplex virus is present. It causes painful blisters on the genital and surrounding areas.Antiviral treatments...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Kaposi’s sarcoma and HIV

    Kaposi’s sarcoma remains one of the most common cancers in people living with HIV.HIV treatment protects against Kaposi’s sarcoma and slows down disease progression.People with...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Mouth problems

    Mouth (oral) problems are more likely to occur in people with low CD4 counts.They can be caused by either fungal, viral or bacterial infections.You are more likely...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Candidiasis (thrush)

    Candidiasis (thrush) is a common yeast infection, treated with anti-fungal drugs.Mild candidiasis in the mouth is relatively common in people with HIV.Good oral hygiene can reduce the...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Non-Hodgkin lymphoma and HIV

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a cancer affecting the immune system. People with weakened immune systems, including people with HIV, are at increased risk of developing NHL. Most people with...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2

Opportunistic infections features

Opportunistic infections in your own words

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Opportunistic infections news selected from other sources

  • Raltegravir-Intensified ART: More Rapid Declines in HIV Viral Load But No Impact On IRIS

    At the 25th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) Diana Gibb, MD, professor of epidemiology, program leader of the Pediatric Program of trials and cohorts at the Medical Research Council Clinical Trials Unit at UCL, London, shared results from a REALITY trial (ISRCTN43622374) which explored the impact of raltegravir intensification of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) on immune reconstitution inflammatory syndrome (IRIS).

    13 March 2018 | Contagion Live
  • Deadly cryptococcal fungi found in public spaces in South Africa

    After tuberculosis, cryptococcal meningitis is the leading cause of death in HIV/AIDS patients in Sub-Saharan Africa.

    08 December 2017 | Science Daily
  • HIV: MSF concerned by high numbers of AIDS deaths in sub-Saharan Africa

    Global attention is needed to prevent and treat AIDS in antiretroviral era, with 50 per cent of hospital admissions in MSF hospitals already on treatment and showing signs of clinical failure.

    25 July 2017 | Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) International
  • Pneumococcal infections decrease in patients with suppressed HIV

    Pneumococcal infections among patients with virologically suppressed HIV decreased significantly in recent years, according to data from a retrospective, case-controlled study.

    08 November 2016 | Healio
  • WHO confirms antiretroviral therapy reduces the risk of life-threatening HIV-related infections

    Adults and children with HIV who start antiretroviral therapy (ART) as early as possible reduce their risk of developing serious HIV-related infections, according to new findings published in the journal Clinical Infectious Diseases on 15 June 2016.

    22 June 2016 | World Health Organization
  • Cryptococcal meningitis: a blind spot in curbing AIDS

    Cryptococcal meningitis, a co-infection of HIV, is a leading killer of patients with AIDS worldwide. Yet it receives little global attention.

    15 April 2016 | The Lancet (requires free registration)
  • New approach to HIV management in Tanzania and Zambia reduces deaths by almost one-third

    A new approach to care for patients with advanced HIV in Tanzania and Zambia combining community support and screening for a type of meningitis has reduced deaths by 28 percent, according to research from the London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine.

    11 March 2015 | Eurekalert Medicine & Health
  • Pneumonia risk far higher for HIV-positive children, study shows

    HIV-positive children in developing countries are six times more likely to die from pneumonia than children without the virus, research suggests. The first global study into pneumonia deaths in children with HIV has found that, in one year, pneumonia affected 1.4 million children and led to a further 88,000 deaths.

    07 January 2015 | Science Daily
  • HIV boosts pneumococcal risk 24 times in nationwide Danish study

    HIV infection raised the risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) - one of the main causes of bacterial pneumonia - more than 24 times in a nationwide Danish comparison of people with and without HIV infection. Among people with HIV, smoking and injecting drug use boosted IPD risk.

    18 November 2014 | International AIDS Society
  • NHS England: make sure your clients get flu vaccination

    NHS England has sent a letter to healthcare charities, including HIV charities, asking them to remind their clients that they are eligible for free seasonal influenza vaccinations and should get them. The flu vaccine is available from your GP and you are eligible for it if you have HIV.

    13 November 2014 | NHS England
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Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.