Information for men and women living with HIV who want to have a child, including avoiding HIV transmission and planning a pregnancy.

Conception: latest news

Conception resources

  • Having a baby

    In the UK, thousands of women with HIV have given birth to healthy babies.Taking anti-HIV drugs during the pregnancy will protect your baby from HIV.If...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Contraception, conception and pregnancy

    Becoming a parent of a healthy, HIV-negative child is now a very realistic option for many people with HIV. However, you may want to plan when pregnancy...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV and having a baby

    Women living with HIV can give birth without passing on HIV to the baby.Your options for conception will depend on your health and your partner’s...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Conception

    All women have the right to make their own choices around fertility, regardless of their HIV status. You should expect and receive the same level of support...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Life goes on

    In some countries, not everyone who needs HIV treatment can get hold of it. Likewise, in the UK 20 or 30 years ago, effective HIV treatment didn’t...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV & Pregnancy

    Personalised information about having a baby. (Smartphone version available.)...

    From: Resources

  • Sperm washing

    ...

    From: HIV transmission & testing

    Information level Level 4

Conception features

Conception in your own words

Conception news from aidsmap

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Conception news selected from other sources

  • Study Explores Cost-Effectiveness of Conception Strategies for HIV Serodiscordant Couples

    A new multi-institutional study has examined the cost-effectiveness of the pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) combination of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (TDF/FTC) and assisted reproductive options for serodiscordant couples with an HIV-infected male and HIV-uninfected female looking to conceive. The study focused on examining scenarios in which ‘Undetectable=Untransmittable’ (’U=U’) infection, achieved with combination antiretroviral therapy, (cART) is not sufficient for conception.

    09 January 2019 | Contagion Live
  • Becoming a parent should not be denied to HIV positive gay and bisexual men

    If a man cannot pass HIV onto another man during sex because his viral load is undetectable, then it follows that his sperm would not pass HIV to a surrogate or child should he wish to conceive in this way. Even as a well informed HIV activist, this is an aspect of the U=U debate which I had not come across before in the context of same-sex couples.

    17 October 2018 | Gay Times
  • Yes, HIV-Positive Men Can Become Fathers. Here's Two Providers Who Help Them

    In HIV, we pay a lot of attention to parenthood -- but mostly from the perspective of ending mother-to-child transmission. Even then, the public health message is often mostly about the baby, not the health and well-being of the mother. But almost nowhere do we have deep discussions about reproductive options for HIV-positive men, particularly cisgender straight men.

    18 June 2018 | TheBody.com
  • Why the Dolutegravir Pregnancy Warning is Important — and What We Should Do Now

    Based on the widespread and growing use of DTG-based regimens globally, these data on the potential risks of becoming pregnant while receiving DTG have immediate and broad clinical relevance.

    21 May 2018 | NEJM Journal Watch
  • New study suggests risk of birth defects in babies born to women on HIV medicine dolutegravir

    The European Medicines Agency (EMA) is evaluating preliminary results from a study which found 4 cases of birth defects such as spina bifida (malformed spinal cord) in babies born to mothers who became pregnant while taking dolutegravir. While EMA is assessing the new evidence, dolutegravir should not be used in women seeking to become pregnant.

    21 May 2018 | European Medicines Agency
  • People Living with HIV Can Safely Choose Parenthood

    A family medicine physician argues for reproductive justice for people living with HIV. "I have seen women who travel hundreds of miles for their pregnancy care because no provider in their community is comfortable pregnant women with HIV. I have seen patients go out of their way for their medical care because they fear disclosure in their community if they see a provider for their HIV care closer to home."

    01 December 2017 | Poz
  • Expert: Long-Awaited CDC HIV Report on Conception Options for Serodiscordant Couples Is Disappointing and Confusing

    We're in the middle of a revolution in our efforts to fight HIV. However, you wouldn't know it from a new Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) report that advises providers about conception when one partner is living with HIV.

    02 June 2017 | The Body Pro
  • Born Free: dispelling misconceptions about conception and HIV

    Lolisa Gibson-Hunte never thought she wanted kids. But now Lolisa, who is HIV positive, and her husband, Daryl Hunte, who is HIV negative, have two children—and both kids are free of HIV.

    14 February 2017 | Poz
  • HIV-Positive Women in Uganda Are Being Sterilized Against Their Will

    A 2013 report by the National Forum of People Living with HIV/AIDS Networks in Uganda (NAFOPHANU) found that at least 11 percent of women living with HIV/AIDS were forcibly sterilized. A 2015 report focusing on such coercion from Uganda-based NGO International Community of Women Living with HIV Eastern Africa (ICWEA) revealed that forced sterilization and coercion — which includes women being given money and misinformation or being intimidated by a health worker — continues in the country.

    03 May 2016 | ThinkProgress
  • South Africa: Almost 10 percent of HIV-positive women report forced sterilisation

    South Africa’s first national HIV stigma index has found that seven percent of HIV-positive women surveyed reported being sterilised against their will and about 40 percent reported contraception was a pre-requisite of accessing antiretrovirals (ARVs).

    10 June 2015 | Health-e
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Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.

See also

Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.