Fundamentals

Twitter

  • RT @iasociety: Now is the time to present your #research on a global stage. Submit your abstract for #AIDS2016 before Thursday https://t.co… 02 Feb 2016
  • RT @HIV_Ireland: #HIVcriminalisation laws may make #condomless sex more likely https://t.co/izi83p43AA #HIVtransmission #condoms 02 Feb 2016
  • RT @LiveHIVNeutral: #HIV is not transmitted under fully suppressive therapy: The #Swiss Statement – eight years later https://t.co/MCq50ius… 29 Jan 2016
  • RT @uspwn: Submit Your Abstract & Register for HIV Is Not a Crime II National Training Academy! https://t.co/MohhnI5ATw https://t.co/fbwraF… 29 Jan 2016
  • RT @paulkidd: Saliva CANNOT transmit HIV. This is a travesty. https://t.co/WrkKKJmVhy 29 Jan 2016
  • Uganda: End forced and coerced sterilization of women living with HIV - Sign the Petiition https://t.co/VIaewmlyQq via @UKChange 28 Jan 2016
  • US based cience writer is looking for miscarriages of justice in HIV criminalization cases. Jessica Wapner, a... https://t.co/TONNA87tKs 18 Jan 2016
  • RT @MalecheAllan: Jason of @UNAIDS is the final speaker @ the #FCAASummit on the issue of #HIVCriminalisation @MichelSidibe @HIVLawCom http… 07 Dec 2015
  • RT @flybyboy: Overwhelming consensus: we must modernize HIV laws to account for current scientific knowledge about infection @TheSeroProjec07 Dec 2015
  • RT @MalecheAllan: Receiving updates on #HIVCriminalisation in the USA at the #FCAASummit @HIVLawCom https://t.co/UbB6wLcTwP 07 Dec 2015
  • RT @flybyboy: If we are serious about human rights, we must work on HIV criminalization #FCAASummit 07 Dec 2015
  • RT @flybyboy: 72 countries have laws that criminalize HIV, 57 have had prosecutions/arrests #FCAASummit 07 Dec 2015
  • RT @scazal: Arranca el primer día de la reunión de financiamiento en VIH #FCAASummit https://t.co/UzDyojIgjy 07 Dec 2015
  • RT @MalecheAllan: We begin the #FCAASummit with a dicussion on Human Rights & HIV. #AIDSFunding @KELINKenya @HelenClarkUNDP https://t.co/Yt… 07 Dec 2015
  • What’s up with HIV laws in America? Great new video from @McClatchyDC https://t.co/5cUNvvdHs6 #hivisnotacrime #HIVcriminalisation# 23 Nov 2015
  • UK: @Law_Commission scoping paper rejects expanding HIV/STI law to prosecute non-disclosure or potential exposure https://t.co/yyfZeFYfam 09 Nov 2015
  • UK: No change to E&W HIV/STI criminalisation law/policy recommended by @Law_Commission pending a wider review. https://t.co/yyfZeFYfam 09 Nov 2015
  • New @IAPAC guidelines to achieve 90-90-90 targets recommend ending HIV criminalisation. (Thanks @DrJoe1234 and team) https://t.co/XAYD56kRve 06 Nov 2015
  • Bahrain: New HIV-specific law would criminalise #HIV non-disclosure to ‘authorities, their partners or relatives’ https://t.co/u6G4MIowmw 04 Nov 2015
  • #knowyourviralload Make routine #HIV viral load testing available to all https://t.co/05LPvcQlqS @_ARASAcomms @ITPCglobal 29 Oct 2015

An overview of HIV and the role of criminal law

There will be calls for ‘law and order’ and a ‘war on AIDS’. Beware of those who cry out for simple solutions, for [in] combating HIV/AIDS there are none. In particular, do not put faith in the enlargement of the criminal law.

Justice Michael Kirby, High Court of Australia, 19911

When discussing issues related to the role of the criminal law in regards to potential or actual HIV exposure or transmission, a common frame of reference for key facts and concepts is required. In particular, it is important to understand where the use of the criminal law might fit within the broader context of the global HIV epidemic and evidence-informed methods of HIV prevention. The purpose of this chapter is to provide such a frame of reference in relation to the following topics:

  • the global HIV pandemic
  • evidence-informed HIV prevention
  • the challenge of HIV-related stigma
  • the role of human rights in the global response to HIV
  • the role of the law in the global response to HIV.

References

  1. Kirby M The Ten Commandments. [Australian] National AIDS Bulletin, March 1991
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