NHS England, in collaboration with Public Health England, has announced in a press release that a major new implementation trial of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) will start next year. It is planned to enrol at least twice as many as previously anticipated and the funding announced is five times higher than the money for a trial originally announced in March this year.
Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe are making strong progress towards achieving the treatment and viral suppression goals set out in the UN 90-90-90 target, and new HIV infections have declined substantially in each country since 2003, according to figures from national household surveys released last week by ICAP at Columbia University.
Almost half of HIV-positive men who have sex with men (MSM) who have co-infection with hepatitis C virus (HCV) have detectable HCV in their rectal fluid, US investigators report in the online edition of Clinical Infectious Diseases. The presence and level of HCV in rectal fluid was strongly associated with the level of HCV in blood.
People who inject drugs can have an excellent response to sofosbuvir-based therapy for hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection, Ukrainian research presented to the recent 2016 AASLD Liver Meeting shows.
Use of syringe exchange and distribution services has increased substantially over the past decade in the United States, and HIV diagnoses among people who inject drugs have fallen by nearly half, but just a quarter of drug injectors use only sterile needles and a third reported sharing a needle within the past year, according to the latest Vital Signs report from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC).
Electronic monitoring of antiretroviral adherence in "real time" boosts pill taking and need for intensive adherence support
Electronic monitoring of antiretroviral adherence in “real time” significantly increases the proportion of treatment doses taken on time and reduces the frequency of treatment interruptions, according to a Ugandan study published in AIDS.
The prevalence of hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection among HIV-positive men who have sex with men in San Diego has increased over the past 15 years, especially among men who do not inject drugs but use methamphetamine, according to a study presented at the 2016 AASLD Liver Meeting in Boston. Another study by the same researchers found that post-treatment reinfection is also a concern in this population.
Survey finds good knowledge of PrEP in Europe and a considerable amount of unsupported informal PrEP use
A large survey of knowledge and use of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) in Europe released its preliminary results on World AIDS Day.
Public Health England’s estimate of the number of people who have HIV without being aware of it has been lowered, for the second year running. However, this does not necessarily reflect an improvement in the real world situation, but is due to changes in the way this information is estimated.
In advance of World AIDS Day the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) released its latest report on recently diagnosed HIV infections in the United States. The new HIV Surveillance Report, which covers data to the end of 2015, shows that HIV diagnoses have decreased among both women and men, and among African Americans, Latinos and white people, but have risen among young people age 25-29. As people with HIV live longer thanks to effective antiretroviral treatment, HIV prevalence has reached an all-time high of more than 955,000 people.
The difficulty of bringing the HIV epidemic “down to zero” should not be underestimated, Kevin de Cock, former director of HIV for the World Health Organization (WHO), warned earlier this month in a meeting of the European AIDS Clinical Society (EACS) in Brussels.
HIV self-testing (sometimes called ‘home testing’) should be offered as an additional approach to HIV testing services, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommends in new guidelines issued today.
Drug use generally and chemsex more specifically are perceived to be common and normalised behaviours among gay men involved in those scenes in London, but this perception is contradicted by survey data. As social norms influence health-related behaviour, health promotion interventions should challenge the idea that drug use and chemsex are widespread, argue authors from Sigma Research in the International Journal of Drug Policy.