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Transmission and prevention news

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Semi-soft vaginal drug-delivery suppository could limit spread of HIV, AIDS

A unique method for delivering compounds that could positively impact the global battle against HIV and AIDS may be possible, thanks to researchers in Penn State's College of Agricultural Sciences. A semi-soft vaginal suppository made from the seaweed-derived food ingredient carrageenan and loaded with the antiviral drug Tenofovir provides a woman-initiated, drug-delivery vehicle that can protect against the spread of sexually transmitted infections during unprotected heterosexual intercourse, the researchers said.

Published
02 September 2014
From
Medical News Today
Telling tales and talking-through

There has been a recent wave of films and television events, for a combined gay and heterosexual audience, in an emerging genre of “AIDS nostalgia”. I’m thinking of films like Dallas Buyers’ Club and television series like Angels in America and The Normal Heart.

Published
01 September 2014
From
Bad Blood (blog)
Arab Region Has World’s Fastest Growing HIV Epidemic

At a time when HIV rates have stabilised or declined elsewhere, the epidemic is still advancing in the Arab world, exacerbated by factors such as political unrest, conflict, poverty and lack of awareness due to social taboos.

Published
01 September 2014
From
Inter Press Service
New analysis of old HIV vaccines finds potentially protective immune response

Applying the benefit of hindsight, researchers have reanalyzed the findings of two historic pediatric HIV vaccine trials with encouraging results. The vaccines had in fact triggered an antibody response -- now known to be associated with protection in adults -- that was previously unrecognized in the infants studied in the 1990s.

Published
01 September 2014
From
Science Daily
Poor knowledge of partner HIV status among South African women with recent pregnancy

Over 40% of women with recent pregnancy and a third of men with recent partner pregnancy do not know the HIV infection status of their partner, research

Published
29 August 2014
By
Michael Carter
Does the global HIV response understand anal sex?

Stigma, squeamishness and misunderstanding of anal sex is leading to research gaps and inaccurate information about the risks of this common sexual behaviour, and hindering effective HIV/AIDS prevention strategies, experts say. A move towards "sex positive" approaches could enhance social acceptance and increase protection.

Published
28 August 2014
From
IRIN
HIV Antibodies Block Infection by Reservoir-Derived Virus in Laboratory Study

The researchers conclude that passive immunotherapy involving bNAbs individually or in combination may control HIV in the absence of antiretroviral therapy. A number of clinical trials are already underway or planned to test this hypothesis.

Published
27 August 2014
From
National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases press release
The end of AIDS and the NGO Code of Conduct

In 2008, a consortium of concerned international NGOs and advocacy organisations introduced the NGO Code of Conduct for Health System Strengthening, which highlighted how disproportionate funding for NGOs, rather than for public sector health systems, has undermined public services in many developing countries.The NGO Code of Conduct outlines a set of proposed best practices for NGOs to support local public services. However, after promoting the NGO Code of Conduct for 5 years, the behaviour of some NGOs seems unlikely to change unless donors hold them accountable for adhering to these best practices.

Published
27 August 2014
From
The Lancet
Novel immune-suppressant vaccine completely blocks HIV infection in monkeys: human trials planned

A novel and relatively simple vaccine that can be administered orally has managed to completely block rectal infection with SIV, the monkey equivalent of HIV, in rhesus

Published
26 August 2014
By
Gus Cairns
AHF Campaigns Against PrEP as a 'Public Health Intervention'

The campaign is appearing in various outlets throughout August and will likely expand.

Published
26 August 2014
From
Poz magazine news

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