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Transmission and prevention news

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While Washington Tackles Opioid Abuse Epidemic, Hepatitis C Treatment Remains Unaffordable

If Washington wants to do something about the public health issues left behind by the opioid abuse epidemic, it might have to start doing something about prescription-drug costs.

Published
19 August 2015
From
National Journal
Targeting HIV in semen to shut down AIDS

There may be two new ways to fight AIDS -- using a heat shock protein or a small molecule -- to attack fibrils in semen associated with HIV during the initial phases of infection. HIV is most commonly transmitted in semen, which contains amyloid fibrils. These can increase the transmission of HIV by helping the it attach to the membrane surrounding human cells.

Published
18 August 2015
From
Eurekalert Medicine & Health
Study suggests Ontario nearing U.N. targets to help end AIDS epidemic

In a study published today in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome, Dr. Sean B. Rourke found that in 2011, 87.3 per cent of people in the Ontario study were receiving care (defined as having had one viral load test measuring amount of HIV virus in the blood in the previous year), 77 per cent were on antiretroviral treatment and 76 per cent had a suppressed viral load.

Published
18 August 2015
From
St Michael's Hospital press release
South Africa submits $380-million concept note for HIV/TB

South Africa on 15 July submitted a joint HIV/TB concept note for some $380.5 million in funding, more than half of which is to support prevention interventions specifically targeting key populations including young women and girls, men who have sex with men and people living in disease hot spots. Of this, $142.2 million constitutes an above-allocation request.

Published
17 August 2015
From
Global Fund Observer
People with hepatitis B can safely use Truvada PrEP for HIV prevention

People with hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection did not experience liver inflammation 'flares' or other adverse events when they used or stopped using Truvada for HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis

Published
14 August 2015
By
Liz Highleyman
'HIV gel' effective against herpes

A microbicide gel initially intended to offer protection against HIV has been found to be effective against herpes. Herpes is one of the most common sexually transmitted diseases in South Africa. In the latest study, published in the New England Journal of Medicine, researchers from the Centre for the Aids Programme of Research in South Africa (Caprisa) showed that Tenofovir gel halved the risk of developing herpes simplex virus type 2 – a virus that is a leading cause of genital ulcers.

Published
13 August 2015
From
Independent Online (South Africa)
Study sheds light on how tenofovir is processed in different body tissues

Tenofovir, which is widely used for HIV treatment and prevention, is activated in a tissue-specific manner, being processed by different enzymes in immune cells, the vagina and

Published
13 August 2015
By
Liz Highleyman
How the Heroin Crisis Ushered in a Hepatitis C Epidemic

Meanwhile, high prices and stringent requirements from insurers and Big Pharma are limiting access to effective treatment.

Published
12 August 2015
From
Boston magazine
Preventing HIV - new approaches to an ongoing problem

Effective treatment and effective prevention are two sides of the same coin. Ensuring that HIV remains a priority while delivering a joined up, collaborative approach to HIV prevention, diagnosis, treatment and care is essential across national and local health systems if the best is to be achieved for the individual and the public.

Published
12 August 2015
From
Public Health England blog
Low-threshold methadone maintenance reduces HIV risk for people who inject drugs

Receiving methadone maintenance therapy through primary care physicians or community pharmacies significantly reduced the risk of HIV infection for people who inject drugs in Vancouver, findings of

Published
12 August 2015
By
Keith Alcorn

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