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Why lifespans are more variable among blacks than whites in the U.S.

Eliminating health disparities between races is a goal of many groups and organizations, but a team of sociologists suggests that finding the reasons for the differences in the timing of black and white deaths may be trickier than once thought. Interventions to reduce this disparity may be more effective if they target sex, as well as race. "With regard to policy, our results indicate the importance of sex-specific intervention to reduce racial disparities," the researchers said. "In the case of HIV/AIDS, for example, there is greater potential for significant reduction of the racial gap when men are targeted. The opposite is true for heart disease and diabetes, where interventions focused on women are more likely to narrow the gap."

Published
17 December 2014
From
Science Daily
Blinded by Fear: How Politics Influenced Medical Policy in Greece

There is no one particular reason for Greece’s stringent policies on HIV. Rather, the combination of political power plays, economic instability, and societal fear planted the seeds for criminalization of the disease.

Published
10 December 2014
From
The Politic
The Intersection of HIV/AIDS and Gender-Based Violence: A Critical Connection

Carla Koppell, USAID’s chief strategy officer, discusses linkages between gender-based violence prevention and efforts to reduce the spread of HIV: "This week we mark World AIDS Day. Appropriately, it occurs during the Sixteen Days of Activism Against Gender-Based Violence. Why so appropriate? Because we know that gender-based violence (GBV) prevention and response are critical to effectively treating and reducing the spread of HIV. Though not always self-evident, the connection is clear."

Published
09 December 2014
From
USAID
The New Face of HIV Is Gay & Young

Infection rates among young gay men are on the rise—and veterans of the fight against AIDS are struggling to find a way to get the message out to the next generation.

Published
03 December 2014
From
Daily Beast
Only three in 10 Americans have HIV under control: government report

Just 30 percent of Americans living with HIV have the virus in check, putting others at risk of infection, U.S. health officials said yesterday. The report by the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) found that 840,000 of the 1.2 million people infected with HIV in 2011 were not consistently taking anti-HIV drugs that keep the virus suppressed at very low levels.

Published
26 November 2014
From
Reuters
Positive response to 'gift tokens for undetectable viral load' trial

A US study presented at last month’s HIV Research for Prevention conference found generally positive responses among a selection of participants and clinic staff to a trial

Published
24 November 2014
By
Gus Cairns
Racial Disparities in the US Gay Male HIV Epidemic Appear Entrenched

Despite many efforts to fight racial disparities in HIV rates among men who have sex with men (MSM), black MSM will likely continue to have disproportionately high HIV rates for decades. A modeling analysis projects how varying rates of HIV testing and retention in HIV care would affect racial disparities between black and white MSM.

Published
21 November 2014
From
AIDSMeds
Uganda: Truckers Still Driving the HIV Pandemic

While the nationwide battle to reduce HIV rates continues, it has been revealed that knowledge on HIV does not always translate into safer sexual behaviour for the most-at-risk populations (MARPs). This is noted in a recently released KMCC abridged report titled; 'Long-distance truck drivers and HIV/Aids in Uganda: synthesis of information and evidence to inform response.' The report states that although majority of long- distance truck drivers are aware that engaging in unprotected sex and having multiple sexual partners increases the risk of acquiring HIV, safe sex is largely inconsistent.

Published
26 October 2014
From
AllAfrica
PrEP, The Pill, and the Fear of Promiscuity

LGBT academic Ian Lekus compares the furore around PrEP with the one that met the development of the contraceptive pill: "Acknowledged or not, PrEP users — and for that matter, three decades-plus of HIV/AIDS activism — build directly on how the Pill’s early adopters challenged the presumed omniscience of medical authorities. The experiences of the Pill’s first users also remind us to keep a critical eye trained on those institutions and narratives that circumscribe the quest for balancing health, desire, and autonomy."

Published
25 September 2014
From
Nursing Clio
Are "Sugar Daddies" to Blame for HIV Transmission in Africa?

It was long assumed that a major driver of the vastly greater prevalence of HIV infection in Zimbabwe, South Africa and other epicenters of the African HIV epidemic is intergeneratioal sex - sepcifically, young women having sexual realtionships with older "sugar daddies". Contrary to expectations, a recent high-quality, longitudinal study showed that participation in intergenerational sex did not impact the likelihood of contracting HIV infection.

Published
05 September 2014
From
Scientific American
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