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Vertical HIV transmission may be influenced by complex synergies with other STI – such as Cytomegalovirus

The apparently greater susceptibility of sub-Saharan African women to HIV infection has led researchers to consider the various potential synergies between HIV and other genital infections or conditions of the vaginal microbiome. A recent study brings this wider perspective to bear on mother-to-child transmission, casting some fresh light on the complex interrelation between the ‘vertical’ transmission of HIV and active and Cytomegalovirus (CMV) viruria.

Published
27 July 2017
From
BMJ Group blogs
Study points to penile microbiome as a risk factor for HIV in men

A ten-fold increase in some types of bacteria living under the foreskin can increase a man's risk of HIV infection by up to 63 percent, according to a new study out today by researchers at Milken Institute School of Public Health (Milken Institute SPH) at the George Washington University (GW).

Published
25 July 2017
From
Medical Xpress
Melbourne man tests positive to HIV while taking preventative drug

A man has tested positive to HIV at a Melbourne clinic while participating in a trial of PrEP, an antiretroviral drug credited with preventing the spread of the disease. It's understood just over a week ago, he tested positive to HIV at a Melbourne clinic. On Monday, a spokesman at The Alfred confirmed researchers were "reviewing the clinical details of a man who has tested positive to HIV while being a registered participant of the Victorian PrEPX study."

Published
22 May 2017
From
The Age (Melbourne)
HIV’s milder cousin may be less mild than previously thought

HIV-2’s virulence may have been underestimated and although progression to AIDS  and death in HIV-2 infection was slower than with HIV-1, it was the rule

Published
02 March 2017
By
Gus Cairns
One in five ‘heterosexual’ men in the UK caught their HIV from another man

A genetic analysis of a large database of people with HIV in the UK in care shows that 18% of men with HIV who claim to

Published
18 February 2017
By
Gus Cairns
Unique case of PrEP failure without drug resistance reported from Amsterdam

HIV pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) appears to be nearly 100% effective if taken consistently so that there are high drug levels in the body at the time of

Published
17 February 2017
By
Gus Cairns
Bacterial communities of female genital tract impact HIV infection risk

More diverse vaginal microbiomes in South African women may underlie increased risk

Published
12 January 2017
From
Ragon Institute
Vaginal and rectal bacteria may have a big influence on HIV transmission and microbicide efficacy

A number of presentations at the 2016 HIV Research for Prevention Conference (HIVR4P) in Chicago looked at the influence vaginal bacteria have on HIV susceptibility, and one

Published
20 October 2016
By
Gus Cairns
Most contraceptives not linked to HIV infection, but Depo-Provera may raise risk

Birth control pills and some types of injectable and implanted contraceptives were not associated with an increased risk of HIV acquisition in an updated meta-analysis that included

Published
17 August 2016
By
Liz Highleyman
HIV/AIDS: Filarial worm infections double the risk of infection

Since the start of the HIV epidemic, there have been speculations as to why HIV and the immunodeficiency syndrome it causes have spread so much more in Africa than in other countries around the world. Scientists have now, for the first time, confirmed one reason for this: in a cohort study conducted in Tanzania, they discovered that an infection with the filarial nematode Wuchereria bancrofti increases the risk of HIV infection by two to three fold.

Published
16 August 2016
From
Eurekalert Inf Dis
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Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.