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How a House Finch Disease Reshaped What We Know About Epidemics

One team of researchers was able to study a highly virulent disease in House Finches. Their recent paper in PLOS Biology sheds light on what makes some disease-causing microbes, or pathogens, more harmful than others.

Published
30 January 2014
From
Cornell Lab of Ornithology
Discovering where HIV persists in spite of treatment

Recently discovered T memory stem cells may be long-term viral reservoir, potential targets for future treatment.

Published
13 January 2014
From
Harvard Gazette
How HIV Destroys Immune Cells

HIV leads to AIDS primarily because the virus destroys essential immune cells called CD4 T cells, but precisely how these cells are killed has not been clear. Two papers published simultaneously today (19 December) in Nature and Science reveal the molecular mechanisms that cause the death of most CD4 T cells in lymphoid tissues, the main reservoir for such cells, during infection.

Published
20 December 2013
From
The Scientist
Aggressive HIV strain leads to faster AIDS development

The new recombinant strain from West Africa speeds up the time taken from the infection stage to the development of AIDS, to around five years.

Published
28 November 2013
From
UPI
HIV may be becoming less fit as it adapts to the immune system

HIV, at least in some parts of the world, may be developing a lower replicative capacity as it adapts to variations in the human immune system, studies

Published
08 November 2013
By
Gus Cairns
Rift widens over structure of HIV’s molecular anchor

Studies of a potential vaccine target bolster claims that an earlier paper was flawed.

Published
05 November 2013
From
Nature
Bursting HIV’s bubble

HIV has a fatty outer membrane similar to that surrounding a living cell. This membrane probably acts like a balloon—in other words the pressure inside it is greater than the pressure outside it. That means it can be burst, which is what some scientists believe provides the driving force by which a virus injects its genetic material into a cell in order to infect it.

Published
18 October 2013
From
The Economist
Gene discovery could lead to new types of HIV treatments

Scientists have identified a gene which they say may have the ability to prevent HIV, the virus that causes AIDS, from spreading after it enters the body. In an early-stage study in the journal Nature, researchers said the gene, called MX2, appears to play a key role in how HIV is controlled in human cells.

Published
19 September 2013
From
Reuters
These Renderings of HIV Show That a Deadly Virus Can Be Beautiful

For those of us who are normal, non-scientist people, an image of a virus doesn't necessarily hold any meaning. Artists were invited to create renderings of HIV – and the winning images are as educational as they are beautiful.

Published
31 July 2013
From
Gizmodo
Changes in Gut Bacteria May Promote Inflammation and HIV Disease Progression

Changes in intestinal bacteria may contribute to disease progression and development of non-AIDS conditions in people with HIV, even those on effective antiretroviral therapy (ART), according to a report in the July 10, 2013, issue of Science Translational Medicine.

Published
25 July 2013
From
HIVandHepatitis.com

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