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NIH launches largest clinical trial focused on HIV-related cardiovascular disease

Researchers have begun enrolling participants in a multicenter international clinical trial to test whether a statin can reduce the risk of heart disease in people with HIV infection, who are up to twice as likely as people without HIV infection to have heart disease.

Published
16 April 2015
From
Eurekalert Inf Dis
Québec researchers call for interventions to support HIV-positive mothers

A team of researchers at several universities and clinics in Montreal conducted a study to explore issues related to healthcare access and mental health among HIV-positive mothers. In detailed interviews with 100 mothers, the researchers uncovered several issues that affected the women’s mental health. The team made recommendations for doctors, nurses and other care providers, which, if implemented, could greatly improve the mental health and wellbeing of HIV-positive women who have children.

Published
14 April 2015
From
CATIE
Cannabis use reduces risk of insulin resistance in people with HIV/HCV co-infection

Cannabis use is associated with a reduced risk of insulin resistance in people with HIV and hepatitis C virus (HCV) co-infection, French investigators report in the online

Published
02 April 2015
By
Michael Carter
Age-related macular degeneration in HIV

Researchers at Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York City and elsewhere in the U.S. have been monitoring the eyes of people who have survived AIDS. They found that out of 1,825 participants, 10% had intermediate-stage age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Compared to HIV-negative people, the rate of AMD among these long-term survivors of AIDS was four-fold greater. The findings and implications of this study are discussed below.

Published
01 April 2015
From
CATIE
Predictors of HIV-related peripheral neuropathy in the modern era

Researchers at major clinical centres in the U.S. have collaborated to study potential causes of peripheral neuropathy (PN) among HIV-positive people in the modern era. They recruited about 500 people who were free from PN and monitored them for an average of two years, performing extensive assessments. Taking into account many issues, statistical analysis found that there were several factors associated with an increased risk for PN.

Published
01 April 2015
From
CATIE
Researchers develop new model to study why some HPV infections go away and others progress

For people infected with the human papilloma virus (HPV), the likelihood of clearing the infection and avoiding HPV-related cancer may depend less on the body's disease-fighting arsenal than has been generally assumed. A new study finds that the body's ability to defeat the virus may be largely due to unpredictable division patterns in HPV-infected stem cells, rather than the strength of the person's immune response.

Published
01 April 2015
From
EATG
HIV can spread early, evolve in patients' brains

HIV can genetically evolve and independently replicate in patients' brains early in the illness process, an analysis of cerebral spinal fluid has found. Prompt diagnosis and treatment with antiretroviral therapy should reduce the risk that the virus could find refuge and cause damage in the brain, where some medications are less effective -- potentially enabling it to re-emerge, even after it is suppressed in the periphery, say researchers.

Published
27 March 2015
From
Eurekalert Inf Dis
Screening for cryptococcal meningitis and adherence support reduce mortality among people starting ART in Africa

Screening and treatment for cryptococcal meningitis combined with a short period of adherence support has the potential to significantly reduce mortality rates among people with very low

Published
24 March 2015
By
Michael Carter
Good mental health associated with excellent adherence among people taking ART for prevention

Good mental health was the only significant factor associated with optimal pill-taking among people taking antiretroviral therapy (ART) for the prevention of sexual transmission of HIV,

Published
23 March 2015
By
Michael Carter
HIV Patients May Fare as Well as Others With Kidney Transplants

Kidney transplant patients with HIV have similar survival rates as those without HIV, a new study finds. The study included 510 HIV-positive adults who had kidney transplants in the United States between 2002 and 2011. Overall, these patients had similar five- and 10-year survival rates as kidney transplant patients without HIV.

Published
20 March 2015
From
U.S. News & World Report

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