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Health monitoring in resource-limited settings news

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Combining PrEP and ART could almost eliminate HIV infection, east African study finds

Giving both pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) and antiretroviral therapy (ART) to heterosexual couples where one partner has HIV (serodiscordant couples) can almost eliminate the chance of infection in the

Published
26 February 2015
By
Gus Cairns
Smartphone, Finger Prick, 15 Minutes, Diagnosis—Done!

A team of researchers, led by Samuel K. Sia, associate professor of biomedical engineering at Columbia Engineering, has developed a low-cost smartphone accessory that can perform a point-of-care test that simultaneously detects three infectious disease markers from a finger prick of blood in just 15 minutes.

Published
09 February 2015
From
Columbia University press release
Could a $34 smartphone device improve HIV diagnosis in Africa?

A $34 device that plugs into the audio jack of a smartphone was nearly as effective as far more costly diagnostic blood testing equipment in identifying antibodies for HIV and syphilis in a pilot study in Africa, U.S. researchers said on Wednesday.

Published
06 February 2015
From
Reuters
Zimbabwe finally switches away from stavudine

The Zimbabwean government has finally dropped stavudine, lamivudine and nevirapine as its first-line HIV therapy in favour of a single dose treatment which has a combination of three drugs, namely tenofovir/lamivudine/efavirenz (TLN).The Government dropped the first line HIV treatment after realizing that it was causing severe side effects on patients. Stanley Takaona of the Zimbabwe HIV and AIDS Activist Union Community Trust said the introduction of the new HIV drug was going to save more lives.

Published
19 January 2015
From
AllAfrica
Pneumonia risk far higher for HIV-positive children, study shows

HIV-positive children in developing countries are six times more likely to die from pneumonia than children without the virus, research suggests. The first global study into pneumonia deaths in children with HIV has found that, in one year, pneumonia affected 1.4 million children and led to a further 88,000 deaths.

Published
07 January 2015
From
Science Daily
Different community HIV testing and counselling approaches reach different populations in rural Africa

Home- and community-based HIV testing and counselling services can achieve high participation uptake in rural Africa but reach different populations within a community and should be provided, depending on the groups that are being targeted, according to new research published in PLOS Medicine.

Published
17 December 2014
From
Medical News Today
Issue Brief: Achieving undetectable: what questions remain in scaling-up HIV virologic treatment monitoring?

Although the majority of developing countries do not yet offer viral load testing on a routine basis, the use of HIV viral load monitoring is rapidly gathering pace in most developing countries. Which questions remain in further scaling up this gold standard for HIV treatment monitoring in these countries? Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) is releasing Achieving Undetectable, the latest in a series of issue briefs and reports on access to viral load monitoring in resource-limited settings.

Published
15 December 2014
From
MSF
Sophisticated HIV diagnostics adapted for remote areas

Diagnosing HIV and other infectious diseases presents unique challenges in remote locations that lack electric power, refrigeration, and appropriately trained health care staff. To address these issues, researchers have developed a low-cost, electricity-free device capable of detecting the DNA of infectious pathogens, including HIV-1.

Published
10 December 2014
From
Science Daily
Sophisticated HIV diagnostics adapted for remote areas

Diagnosing HIV and other infectious diseases presents unique challenges in remote locations that lack electric power, refrigeration, and appropriately trained health care staff. To address these issues, researchers funded by the National Institutes of Health have developed a low-cost, electricity-free device capable of detecting the DNA of infectious pathogens, including HIV-1.

Published
02 December 2014
From
National Institutes of Health
HIV epidemic will spring back without near-universal diagnosis and treatment, says UNAIDS

“Without scale-up, the AIDS epidemic will continue to outrun the response, increasing the long-term need for HIV treatment and increasing future costs.” These are among the opening

Published
01 December 2014
By
Gus Cairns
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