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Confidentiality, consent and medical ethics news

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Malawi to Conduct Door-to-Door HIV Testing

The announcement has raised fears in some Malawians, such as Steven Jailosi, a primary school teacher in rural Blantyre, who feel the campaign will likely infringe upon people’s privacy.

Published
16 December 2014
From
Voice of America
Can a Judge Order People to Take HIV Medication?

The story of a Seattle man with HIV who was ordered by a judge to attend medical visits has stirred HIV community anxiety about coerced treatment. But can people with HIV be mandated to take antiretroviral medication to reduce the likelihood that they will transmit the virus to their sex partners?

Published
05 November 2014
From
The Body
NIH Trial Tests Very Early Anti-HIV Therapy in HIV-Infected Newborns

​A new clinical trial is exploring whether giving anti-HIV therapy soon after birth to infants who became infected with HIV in the womb leads to remission of the virus, enabling the children eventually to stop treatment for an extended time period. The trial aims to build on the case of the 'Mississippi Baby'.

Published
05 November 2014
From
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) press release
Yemen: HIV Patients Denied Health Care

Human Rights Watch spoke to seven HIV-positive individuals in Yemen who said that they had been repeatedly refused treatment once medical staff found out their HIV status. Six health workers told Human Rights Watch they believed such discrimination was common in state-run healthcare facilities.

Published
04 November 2014
From
Human Rights Watch
Namibia’s Highest Court Finds Government Forcibly Sterilised HIV-Positive Women

The case was brought by three HIV-positive women who were subjected to sterilisation without their informed consent in public hospitals. The High Court found in favour of the women and held that the practice of coerced sterilisation violated the women’s legal rights.

Published
04 November 2014
From
Southern Africa Litigation Centre (press release)
Russia: Lawmakers, medics urge compulsory treatment of tuberculosis

Is it right to resort to compulsion to cure a sick person? Russian legislator Alexander Kravets is going to initiate a legal act which, if adopted, will empower medics to send tuberculosis patients who refuse to receive medical aid to hospitals for compulsory treatment without waiting for a court ruling. “On the excuse of human rights protection people infected with the tubercle bacillus are free to go wherever they want without any medical supervision,” says Kravets.

Published
31 October 2014
From
TASS
US: County health officials get court order to stop HIV-infected man

To stop a man with HIV who has infected eight other people in the last four years, public health officials have sought court enforcement of its order requiring him to attend counseling and treatment sessions.

Published
15 September 2014
From
Seattle Times
Option B+: In obstacle courses to lifelong antiretroviral treatment, hurdles are higher for pregnant women, study says

Work conflicts, hidden HIV status, and bad treatment by staff are among the hurdles keeping women living with HIV from continuing antiretroviral treatment for life following childbirth, according to a article published last month ahead of print in the Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes.

Published
09 July 2014
From
Science Speaks
Data sharing: HIV status and confidentiality

Dr William Ford-Young explains that confidentiality around HIV is still a concern in the NHS

Published
27 June 2014
From
GP Online
The changing tide in Uganda's HIV control

Less than a decade ago, HIV-prevention work in Uganda was hailed as an example to other African nations. Proposed legislation might, however, erode the advances made, Talha Burki reports.

Published
23 June 2014
From
The Lancet Infectious Diseases (free registration required)
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