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Confidentiality, consent and medical ethics news

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Failed Trial in Africa Raises Questions About How to Test HIV Drugs

The failure of the VOICE trial of H.I.V.-prevention methods in Africa — and the elaborate deceptions employed by the women in it — have opened an ethical debate about how to run such studies in poor countries and have already changed the design of some that are now underway.

Published
05 February 2015
From
New York Times
Many HIV-positive people’s understanding of the law on HIV transmission is “weak and patchy”

Many people living with HIV in England have a limited understanding of the law which leaves them either at risk of prosecution for HIV transmission or with

Published
21 January 2015
By
Roger Pebody
Farming Village in Cambodia Grieves as Hundreds Learn They Have HIV

Ms. Mao, 55, is among more than 200 villagers in this rice farming community in western Cambodia who tested positive for H.I.V. last month. The Cambodian authorities say that an unlicensed doctor who reused syringes and other medical equipment spread the infection. Even in a country inured to hardship and suffering, the infection of such a large number of people within a radius of a few miles was shocking.

Published
20 January 2015
From
New York Times
Malawi to Conduct Door-to-Door HIV Testing

The announcement has raised fears in some Malawians, such as Steven Jailosi, a primary school teacher in rural Blantyre, who feel the campaign will likely infringe upon people’s privacy.

Published
16 December 2014
From
Voice of America
Can a Judge Order People to Take HIV Medication?

The story of a Seattle man with HIV who was ordered by a judge to attend medical visits has stirred HIV community anxiety about coerced treatment. But can people with HIV be mandated to take antiretroviral medication to reduce the likelihood that they will transmit the virus to their sex partners?

Published
05 November 2014
From
The Body
NIH Trial Tests Very Early Anti-HIV Therapy in HIV-Infected Newborns

​A new clinical trial is exploring whether giving anti-HIV therapy soon after birth to infants who became infected with HIV in the womb leads to remission of the virus, enabling the children eventually to stop treatment for an extended time period. The trial aims to build on the case of the 'Mississippi Baby'.

Published
05 November 2014
From
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) press release
Yemen: HIV Patients Denied Health Care

Human Rights Watch spoke to seven HIV-positive individuals in Yemen who said that they had been repeatedly refused treatment once medical staff found out their HIV status. Six health workers told Human Rights Watch they believed such discrimination was common in state-run healthcare facilities.

Published
04 November 2014
From
Human Rights Watch
Namibia’s Highest Court Finds Government Forcibly Sterilised HIV-Positive Women

The case was brought by three HIV-positive women who were subjected to sterilisation without their informed consent in public hospitals. The High Court found in favour of the women and held that the practice of coerced sterilisation violated the women’s legal rights.

Published
04 November 2014
From
Southern Africa Litigation Centre (press release)
Russia: Lawmakers, medics urge compulsory treatment of tuberculosis

Is it right to resort to compulsion to cure a sick person? Russian legislator Alexander Kravets is going to initiate a legal act which, if adopted, will empower medics to send tuberculosis patients who refuse to receive medical aid to hospitals for compulsory treatment without waiting for a court ruling. “On the excuse of human rights protection people infected with the tubercle bacillus are free to go wherever they want without any medical supervision,” says Kravets.

Published
31 October 2014
From
TASS
US: County health officials get court order to stop HIV-infected man

To stop a man with HIV who has infected eight other people in the last four years, public health officials have sought court enforcement of its order requiring him to attend counseling and treatment sessions.

Published
15 September 2014
From
Seattle Times
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