Individual country data, organised by region

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Choose a region from the menu on the left, for information on the countries in that region.

Regions are based on the United Nations' world macro regions and components.

In addition to the Global Criminalisation Scan website and report, general information about laws and prosecutions in Africa has been collated from the following sources:

Cameron E et al. HIV is a virus, not a crime: ten reasons against criminal statutes and criminal prosecutions. Journal of the International AIDS Society 11:7, 2008

Clayton M et al. Criminalisation of HIV transmission: is this what women really need? 17th International AIDS Conference, Mexico City, 2008.

IRIN/Plus News Crime and punishment: criminalisation and HIV. December, 2008.

Pearshouse R Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12 (2/3), 2007.

Pearshouse R Legislation contagion: building resistance. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12 (2/3), 2008.

UNAIDS RST ESA Status of legislation in relation to HIV in eastern and southern Africa. 2009.

Kazatchkine C Criminalizing HIV transmission or exposure: the context of French-speaking West and Central Africa. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(3), 2010.

Unless otherwise noted, information in the sections on Asia is summarised from the Global Criminalisation Scan website.

Unless otherwise noted, information in the section on Europe is summarised from the THT/GNP+ report on the Criminalisation of HIV transmission in Europe and the Global Criminalisation Scan website.

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A writer and advocate on a range of HIV-related issues, Edwin has a particular specialism in HIV and the criminal law. He works with national and international HIV organisations, including the International AIDS Society, GNP+ and UNAIDS, as well having as a long association with NAM as a writer on this topic and as the former editor of HIV Treatment Update. To visit Edwin's blog and respond to posts click here.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.