Individual country data, organised by region


  • @UNAIDS #HIV/#humanrights Reference Group updates HIV testing statement to include overly broad HIV criminalisation 03 Jul 2015
  • Nigeria: Ondo State now criminalises "any person who by whatever means transmits HIV to another person" in their anti-stigma law. The irony. 30 Jun 2015
  • World Health Organization publishes analysis of impact of overly broad #HIV criminalisation on public health 30 Jun 2015
  • Kenya: Mandatory #HIV reporting challenged as unconstitutional and violation of people's rights by @KELINKenya 16 Jun 2015
  • Zambian network of people living with HIV says 'no' to overly broad #HIV criminalisation: unworkable and unjust 16 Jun 2015
  • Trial demonstrates that a human rights perspective to treatment for all people living with HIV is necessary @gnpplus 12 Jun 2015
  • The widespead belief that the false #Zuma #HIV tattoo story is true is down to #XenophobicSA 04 Jun 2015
  • South Africa: President #Zuma has NOT passed an ‘#HIV tattoo’ law but much of Africa thinks he has 04 Jun 2015
  • Nigeria: Senate passes problematic, overly broad and vague HIV-related criminal laws in the Sexual Offences Bill 04 Jun 2015
  • Powerful keynote address by Justice Dingake to SADC Parliamentary Forum on #HIV #criminalalisation in southern Africa 03 Jun 2015
  • @ICW_Global publish updated position statement on overly broad #HIV criminalisation #HIVisnotacrime 03 Jun 2015
  • Australia: How to achieve #HIV criminal law reform - Repealing Section 19A: How we got there, by @paulkidd #Repeal19A 28 May 2015
  • Australia: Victoria’s HIV-specific criminal law, Section 19A, finally repealed today @paulkidd @livingposvic @VACorg 28 May 2015
  • Australia: Victoria's HIV-specific criminal law, #19A, finally repealed. Live Tweets as it happened from @paulkidd 28 May 2015
  • US: Texas law #SB779 that would have allowed HIV test results to be used in any criminal proceedings is now dead. Advocacy and sanity wins! 27 May 2015
  • Malawi: High Court rules mandatory HIV testing is unconstitutional. Congrats to the 11 litigants and @Follow_SALC 22 May 2015
  • Canada's legal approach to HIV non-disclosure and 'treatment as prevention' policies are not compatible #HIVCan 21 May 2015
  • Czech Republic: Public Health Protection Act passed yesterday without controversial mandatory HIV testing provision for key populations. 21 May 2015
  • Czech Republic: Yesterday the Chamber of Deputies removed the mandatory HIV testing provision from the Public... 21 May 2015
  • Russia: Man gets 3 years in prison for allegedly infecting his girlfriend without disclosing he was living with HIV. 20 May 2015

Choose a region from the menu on the left, for information on the countries in that region.

Regions are based on the United Nations' world macro regions and components.

In addition to the Global Criminalisation Scan website and report, general information about laws and prosecutions in Africa has been collated from the following sources:

Cameron E et al. HIV is a virus, not a crime: ten reasons against criminal statutes and criminal prosecutions. Journal of the International AIDS Society 11:7, 2008

Clayton M et al. Criminalisation of HIV transmission: is this what women really need? 17th International AIDS Conference, Mexico City, 2008.

IRIN/Plus News Crime and punishment: criminalisation and HIV. December, 2008.

Pearshouse R Legislation contagion: the spread of problematic new HIV laws in Western Africa. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12 (2/3), 2007.

Pearshouse R Legislation contagion: building resistance. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 12 (2/3), 2008.

UNAIDS RST ESA Status of legislation in relation to HIV in eastern and southern Africa. 2009.

Kazatchkine C Criminalizing HIV transmission or exposure: the context of French-speaking West and Central Africa. HIV/AIDS Policy & Law Review 14(3), 2010.

Unless otherwise noted, information in the sections on Asia is summarised from the Global Criminalisation Scan website.

Unless otherwise noted, information in the section on Europe is summarised from the THT/GNP+ report on the Criminalisation of HIV transmission in Europe and the Global Criminalisation Scan website.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.