Ensuring that people living with HIV receive effective HIV treatment makes a major contribution to HIV prevention. People who are taking HIV treatment and have an undetectable viral load do not pass HIV on to their sexual partners.

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Undetectable viral load and treatment as prevention in your own words

  • Bored and horny

    It’s Sunday afternoon and it’s raining. I’m bored and horny. However, I’ve got £20 left over from the night before and this will be enough...

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Undetectable viral load and treatment as prevention news from aidsmap

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Undetectable viral load and treatment as prevention news selected from other sources

  • 'I finally feel sexually liberated from the stigma associated with HIV'

    Cath's HIV diagnosis cast a shadow over her being able to meet a partner. But now thanks to what's known as U=U she can have sex knowing she has a negligible risk of transmitting the virus. She explains, however the significant hurdle she still has to overcome.

    02 April 2019 | Special Broadcasting Service Australia
  • US: The Porn Industry Is Rethinking How It Works With HIV Positive Performers

    In late January, tucked away in a fluorescent-lit conference room at the Hard Rock Hotel in Las Vegas, dozens of porn industry insiders gathered for a panel on the latest in HIV research.It was a lightning rod for industry debates around HIV, sex worker rights, and homophobia because it raised the possibility of introducing a testing system that meets the needs of performers with HIV.

    27 March 2019 | Jezebel
  • Being ‘Undetectable’ Today Is a Privilege. It Needs to Be a Right.

    Only around 50% of people living with HIV in the United States have achieved an undetectable viral load. There are lots of complex reasons why someone may not be undetectable. This does not make them stupid or irresponsible; it simply means that our system has failed them.

    22 March 2019 | Hornet
  • France: Highest Court confirms that people living with HIV with an undetectable viral load can never be prosecuted as the risk of transmission is nul

    In a decision handed down on 5 March, the Court of Cassation ruled that it was impossible to prosecute an HIV-positive man on treatment who had sex without a condom and without informing his partner of his HIV status. That’s a first. In a decision handed down on 5 March, the Court of Cassation recognised the preventive nature of HIV treatment. Thus, any person whose viral load is undetectable, who has sex without a condom with another person without the latter being aware of the HIV status of his or her partner, cannot be prosecuted.

    22 March 2019 | HIV Justice Network
  • ‘I am prepared’: Steve Spencer on becoming HIV positive in the era of PrEP and U=U

    "I don’t like to use the term ‘PrEP failure’ which is thrown around in these cases, because PrEP is anything but that," Steve Spencer says.

    22 March 2019 | Star Observer
  • Reclaiming my time!

    Every time I take my medicine, it is an act of preventing transmission, and survival. Never again will I see myself as ‘unclean’ or ‘a risk to others’. The only time HIV plays a role in my life is when I take my medication before bed.

    22 March 2019 | PrEPing MALTA
  • Largest ever HIV prevention study delivers sobering message

    The recipe for ending HIV epidemics seems straightforward. Introduce widespread testing. Immediately put those who test positive on antiretroviral (ARV) drugs, which suppress the virus to undetectable levels so those people won’t infect others. The number of new infections will drop, and the epidemic will peter out. But massive, costly studies done in the past few years have failed to show this strategy can reliably curb the spread of the virus, to the frustration of researchers.

    12 March 2019 | Science
  • HIV prevention study finds universal 'test and treat' approach can reduce new infections

    New HIV infections declined by 30 percent in southern African communities where health workers conducted house-to-house voluntary HIV testing, referred people who tested positive to begin HIV treatment according to local guidelines, and offered other proven HIV prevention measures to those who tested negative. Local guidelines evolved during the study from offering HIV treatment based on immune health to offering immediate treatment for all.

    05 March 2019 | NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
  • 'Test and Treat' reduces new HIV infections by a third in African communities

    New HIV infections in southern Africa could be reduced substantially by offering entire communities voluntary HIV testing, and immediately referring those who test positive for HIV treatment in line with local guidelines, according to new research presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle, USA today.

    05 March 2019 | Imperial College London
  • Why Science Shows Us the Best Way to Beat HIV Stigma

    Instead of throwing anything anti-stigma against the wall and hoping it sticks, we now have a tool with a much higher chance of success. The U=U message is incredibly powerful.

    24 February 2019 | POZ
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See also

Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.