Types of HIV tests: latest news

Types of HIV tests resources

  • HIV testing

    The only way to know for sure whether you have HIV is to have an HIV test. In the UK, HIV testing is free and confidential through...

    From: Living with HIV

    Information level Level 2
  • Types of test

    A number of different testing techniques are available and will be used in different circumstances. As well as laboratory-based third and fourth generation tests, there...

    From: HIV transmission & testing

    Information level Level 4
  • Understanding test results

    Technical reports on the accuracy of different tests (described in a later section) analyse tests in terms of their ‘sensitivity’, ‘specificity’ and ability to detect...

    From: HIV transmission & testing

    Information level Level 4
  • What tests look for

    The most widely known tests detect HIV antibodies. However detection of p24 antigen is now an important part of HIV-testing strategies....

    From: HIV transmission & testing

    Information level Level 4
  • Testing

    HIV testing in the UK is free, voluntary and confidential. You can be tested at an NHS sexual health clinic, a GP surgery or a...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1

Types of HIV tests features

Types of HIV tests in your own words

  • Seroconversion

    I was given my diagnosis over the telephone after spending four days in hospital with meningitis. I now realise it wasn’t meningitis, it was an...

    From: In your own words

Types of HIV tests news from aidsmap

  • What needs to be done to make HIV self-testing a reality?

    Self-testing for HIV has great potential to broaden access to HIV testing, the 20th International AIDS Conference in Melbourne heard last week. But for self-testing to play a key role in reducing undiagnosed infection, the most appropriate models of ...

    28 July 2014 | Roger Pebody
  • Home sampling for HIV testing – high demand, 1 in 60 are HIV positive

    Pilot projects, testing innovative ways for individuals to take their own saliva or blood sample and return it to a laboratory for analysis, have found that the approach is successful at reaching significant numbers of individuals who haven’t tested ...

    04 April 2014 | Roger Pebody
  • Self-testing encourages very high uptake of HIV testing in Malawi study

    A community-based self-testing programme achieved 76% uptake of HIV testing in urban Malawi, with very high accuracy of test reading and linkage to care, researchers from Malawi, Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine and London School of Hygiene and Tropical ...

    07 March 2014 | Keith Alcorn
  • Modelling study – self testing could lead to more HIV infections

    If gay men replace clinic-based HIV testing with less sensitive home tests, the prevalence and incidence of HIV could rise, American researchers report in the January edition of Sexually Transmitted Diseases. Because home tests have longer window periods than laboratory ...

    20 January 2014 | Roger Pebody
  • Large US study shows which HIV tests are most accurate

    Differences in the performance of commonly used HIV tests lead to substantial differences in the number of infections which are diagnosed in everyday clinical practice, according to an analysis from San Francisco published last month in PLOS ONE. If ...

    06 January 2014 | Roger Pebody
  • Over-the-counter blood test for HIV may be feasible, Spanish study finds

    A study from Madrid has found that 92% of people taking an HIV test could obtain a valid result by testing themselves with the kind of fingerprick point-of-care blood test used at clinics, without any instruction except the brochure ...

    26 October 2012 | Gus Cairns
  • More evidence that rapid ‘combination’ test often fails to detect acute HIV infection

    A rapid, point-of-care test, which aims to reduce the ‘window period’ through the detection of both antibodies and p24 antigen has poor performance in a UK clinical setting, Clifford Bryn Jones and colleagues report in the advance online edition ...

    23 October 2012 | Roger Pebody
  • Will MSM use over-the-counter rapid HIV tests to screen sexual partners?

    If men who have sex with men (MSM) have the option of using rapid HIV testing to screen potential sexual partners, will they do so? Until recently this was a hypothetical question. But in early July, the US Food and ...

    26 July 2012 | Kelly Safreed-Harmon
  • HIV home tests – how will they be used?

    This week the OraQuick In-Home HIV Test, which will be sold over the counter and used without medical supervision, received its final approval from the Food and Drug Administration (FDA), meaning that it can be legally sold in the ...

    07 July 2012 | Roger Pebody
  • US regulators set to approve HIV home-testing kit

    HIV home testing is soon likely to become legal in the United States, following a unanimous vote in support of the OraQuick In-Home HIV Test by a panel of experts advising the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). The test ...

    16 May 2012 | Roger Pebody
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Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.