Transmission of HIV as a criminal offence

This section aims to provide information on the criminal law as it relates to HIV exposure and transmission in the two legal jurisdictions of the United Kingdom where prosecutions for HIV transmission have taken place: England and Wales, and Scotland.

Northern Ireland has similar criminal laws to England and Wales, but to date there have been no prosecutions.

The information contained in this section is not legal advice. To obtain legal advice, please call the Terrence Higgins Trust helpline, THT Direct, on 0808 802 1221 between 10am and 8pm from Monday to Friday for referral to a legal expert.


Written by: Edwin J Bernard

With thanks to: Robert James (Birkbeck College), Catherine Murphy (Terrence Higgins Trust)

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.