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Transmission facts

Roger Pebody

HIV can only be passed on when one person's body fluids get inside another person.

HIV can be passed on during sex without a condom, injecting drug use, pregnancy, birth and breastfeeding.

There is no risk of HIV being passed on by shaking hands, using a toilet, kissing, hugging, sharing cups or plates.

Click here to see our illustrated leaflet giving basic information on HIV transmission facts.

Transmission facts

Published February 2012

Last reviewed February 2012

Next review February 2015

Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.

Contact NAM to find out more about the scientific research and information used to produce this leaflet.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.