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Transmission and the law

Roger Pebody

Some people have gone to prison because they have pased HIV on to another person. They were found guilty of recklessly transmitting HIV.

In England and Wales, a person can be found guilty of recklessly transmitting HIV if they know they have HIV, they understand how HIV is transmitted, the person they have sex with does not know they have HIV, they have sex without a condom and they pass HIV on to the person they had sex with.

The law is only broken if all five of these things are true.

Transmission and the law

Published February 2012

Last reviewed February 2012

Next review February 2015

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  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
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  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.

Contact NAM to find out more about the scientific research and information used to produce this leaflet.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.