Transmission and prevention: latest news

Transmission and prevention resources

  • Sex and HIV

    Sex, desire and pleasure need not stop when you have an HIV diagnosis. Women continue to be sexually active and to have fulfilling sexual and emotional relationships. Many...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Sex

    Having HIV can affect people’s feelings about sex in many different ways. Some people become anxious about passing HIV on, or feel less desirable. While some people go...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission of drug-resistant virus

    Some people contract HIV that is already resistant to one or more anti-HIV drugs (this has been the case for between 6 and 10% of people in...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV treatment as prevention

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, describes the scientific evidence for HIV treatment as prevention and considers its implications for the UK....

    From: HIV Prevention England briefing papers

  • HIV treatment and sexual transmission

    If you have HIV, there's a chance that you could pass it on to somebody else. HIV may be present in infectious quantities in blood, semen, vaginal fluids and...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Undiagnosed HIV infection

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, covers undiagnosed HIV infection and late diagnosis of HIV in the UK....

    From: HIV Prevention England briefing papers

  • Oral sex

    Many men and women find oral sex an intensely pleasurable experience. People use different terms to refer to oral sex (including formal terms like fellatio...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

    If you have had unprotected sex (including if a condom broke or came off during sex) or shared drug injecting equipment with somebody you know...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Bacterial vaginosis

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a condition which occurs when the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina becomes disrupted. This can result in an over-growth...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission and viral load

    There is less risk of passing on HIV if your viral load is undetectable because you are taking anti-HIV drugs. Not all scientists agree on...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Mother-to-baby transmission

    HIV can be transmitted from an HIV-positive woman to her child either during pregnancy, or during labour and delivery, or by breastfeeding. In Europe and...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Behaviour change

    A practical introduction to the evidence regarding the effectiveness of non-biomedical HIV prevention methods....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis

    Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been in use, in healthcare settings, since 1988. Providing PEP after sexual exposure is more controversial....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

    Pre-exposure prophylaxis is an experimental HIV-prevention strategy that would use antiretrovirals (ARVs) to protect HIV-negative people from HIV infection....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Microbicides

    Microbicides are any substances which protect people against infection by microbes, such as viruses or bacteria, on contact with those microbes....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Preventing HIV

    An essential resource providing evidence-based information on preventing HIV infection. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4
  • Risk

    An examination of prosecuted behaviours, using scientific evidence to determine actual risk, and how this evidence has been applied in jurisdictions worldwide....

    From: HIV & the criminal law

    Information level Level 4
  • HIV transmission & testing

    A practical guide to the complexities surrounding HIV transmission routes, risks and HIV testing. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4

Transmission and prevention features

Transmission and prevention in your own words

  • Bored and horny

    It’s Sunday afternoon and it’s raining. I’m bored and horny. However, I’ve got £20 left over from the night before and this will be enough...

    From: In your own words

Transmission and prevention news from aidsmap

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Transmission and prevention news selected from other sources

  • South Africa: Silent Suffering - Men and HIV (Video)

    Why are South African men reluctant to test for HIV, to start and stay on ART, and to join support groups? Is it that health services are not men-friendly? Is it an idea of masculinity that mandates men to be stoic, to hide pain as a weakness and not to talk about their feelings? What defines the relationship of men to health services and how can it be improved? In this video by Davison Mudzingwa, experts and activists like Thamela, analyze the factors that drive men’s gendered vulnerability to HIV in South Africa and suggest ways to reduce it.

    23 December 2014 | IPS
  • Re-Thinking Risk Compensation: A Conversation with Kim Koester

    "When we fixate on risk compensation, which assumes that PrEP replaces or substitutes prior protective behaviors it undermines or marginalizes a far more pervasive reality and that is that men are gravitating towards PrEP as an additive element. Men are seeking additional reassurance and protection from HIV. From the perspective of men who see themselves as adopting safer ways of having sex, in terms of HIV prevention, the notion of risk compensation is offensive and confusing."

    19 December 2014 | BETA blog
  • CDC: Decline in U.S. HIV Infections but Lasting Gaps in Rates of HIV, AIDS and Death

    The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) recently released the latest version of its annual HIV Surveillance Report, "Diagnoses of HIV Infection in the United States and Dependent Areas, 2012."

    19 December 2014 | The Body
  • Adult Film Industry Loses Appeal Over Los Angeles' Condom Law

    The 9th Circuit decides that making porn actors wear condoms doesn't run afoul of the First Amendment

    17 December 2014 | Hollywood Reporter
  • New HIV diagnoses in MSM in high-income countries

    The UK and Australia have experienced recent all-time highs in new HIV diagnoses in MSM, however in Canada and New Zealand, diagnoses are stable. Tony Kirby reports.

    15 December 2014 | The Lancet Infectious Diseases (requires free registration)
  • NAT opposes 50% cut to national HIV prevention funding for England

    The Government has announced that there will be devastating cuts to funding for the national HIV prevention programme in England.  Funding will be halved for the year commencing April 2015 and there is as yet no commitment to fund further years of the programme.  

    15 December 2014 | NAT press release
  • Heterosexual transmission of HPV to male oral tract via oral/genital route indicated by partner data

    A recent study claims to be the first to have established the association of oral infection in males with sexual behaviour, not just on the basis of their reported sexual behaviour, but through the collection of data from their partners.

    15 December 2014 | BMJ Blogs
  • Recommendations for HIV prevention with adults and adolescents with HIV in the United States, 2014

    This updated guideline is a comprehensive compilation of new and longstanding federal recommendations about biomedical, behavioral, and structural interventions that can help reduce the risk of HIV transmission from persons with HIV by reducing their infectiousness and their risk of exposing others to HIV.

    15 December 2014 | Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
  • National HIV Prevention Funding – An essential investment

    The Government is reducing funding for HIV prevention by 50% from 2015. There is no indication that HIV transmission rates in England are reducing and there continue to be major gaps in public understanding of how to prevent HIV. HIV prevention funding must remain at least at current levels.

    12 December 2014 | National AIDS Trust
  • How San Francisco Is Getting to Zero On HIV

    San Francisco is already making progress when it comes to HIV prevention, treatment and retention. In 2006, San Francisco had 517 new HIV cases; by 2013, that number dropped to 359, a 30 percent decrease. The number of deaths almost halved between 2006 and 2013, going from 327 to 182. Additionally, compared to the United States, San Francisco is faring better in multiple aspects of the HIV care continuum: in 2012, 82 percent of HIV positive individuals in the U.S. were aware of their status; in San Francisco, that number was 94 percent.

    11 December 2014 | Huffington Post
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Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.