Transmission and prevention: latest news

Transmission and prevention resources

  • How to get PrEP in the UK

    In England, PrEP will be available to people taking part in the PrEP Impact trial.In Wales and Scotland, PrEP is available through NHS sexual health clinics.It is...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission and viral load

    An undetectable viral load shows that HIV treatment is working well and that there is very little HIV in body fluids.In this situation, the risk...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Transmission facts

    HIV can only be passed on when one person's body fluids get inside another person. HIV can be passed on during sex without a condom,...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Undetectable viral load

    If your viral load result is undetectable, there is only a little HIV in the body. The aim of HIV treatment is to have an...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Transmission and the law

    Some people have gone to prison because they have passed HIV on to another person. They were convicted of 'recklessly transmitting HIV'.In England and Wales,...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)

    PrEP is highly effective in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV. For PrEP to work well, it’s important to take the pills regularly.While PrEP can...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

    PEP involves taking a 28-day course of anti-HIV drugs, after possible exposure to HIV.Doctors will assess your risk of HIV infection before prescribing PEP.PEP is available from...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Using anti-HIV drugs to prevent HIV

    The goal of HIV treatment is an undetectable viral load. An undetectable viral load means that your blood has a level of HIV below the level which...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Condoms

    Male and female condoms provide excellent protection against HIV and most other sexually transmitted infections. To be effective, they need to be used correctly. Where possible, choose a...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV and having a baby

    Women living with HIV can give birth without passing on HIV to the baby.Your options for conception will depend on your health and your partner’s...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV transmission

    The two main ways in which HIV is passed on are unprotected vaginal and anal sex.Condoms, PrEP and HIV treatment are effective ways of preventing...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Viral load and transmission – a factsheet for HIV-negative people

    People with HIV who are on treatment and have an undetectable viral load are extremely unlikely to pass on HIV.Large scientific studies have proven this.Not...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Viral load and transmission – a factsheet for people with HIV

    Effective HIV treatment reduces the amount of HIV in your body fluids.Having an undetectable viral load greatly reduces your chance of passing HIV on to...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Condoms

    Condoms protect against HIV, other sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy.Both female and male condoms are available.It’s important to follow the advice on how to use...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • PrEP

    This briefing paper provides an overview of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people planning, commissioning or providing HIV prevention activities in the UK. It does this by reviewing...

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Sex and HIV

    Sex, desire and pleasure need not stop when you have an HIV diagnosis. Women continue to be sexually active and to have fulfilling sexual and emotional relationships. Many...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Sex

    Having HIV can affect people’s feelings about sex in many different ways. Some people become anxious about passing HIV on, or feel less desirable. While some people go...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission of drug-resistant virus

    Some people contract HIV that is already resistant to one or more anti-HIV drugs (this has been the case for between 6 and 10% of people in...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV treatment as prevention

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, describes the scientific evidence for HIV treatment as prevention and considers its implications for the UK....

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Undiagnosed HIV infection

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, covers undiagnosed HIV infection and late diagnosis of HIV in the UK....

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Behaviour change

    A practical introduction to the evidence regarding the effectiveness of non-biomedical HIV prevention methods....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis

    Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been in use, in healthcare settings, since 1988. Providing PEP after sexual exposure is more controversial....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

    Pre-exposure prophylaxis is an experimental HIV-prevention strategy that would use antiretrovirals (ARVs) to protect HIV-negative people from HIV infection....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Microbicides

    Microbicides are any substances which protect people against infection by microbes, such as viruses or bacteria, on contact with those microbes....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Preventing HIV

    An essential resource providing evidence-based information on preventing HIV infection. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4
  • Risk

    An examination of prosecuted behaviours, using scientific evidence to determine actual risk, and how this evidence has been applied in jurisdictions worldwide....

    From: HIV & the criminal law

    Information level Level 4
  • HIV transmission & testing

    A practical guide to the complexities surrounding HIV transmission routes, risks and HIV testing. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4

Transmission and prevention features

Transmission and prevention in your own words

  • Bored and horny

    It’s Sunday afternoon and it’s raining. I’m bored and horny. However, I’ve got £20 left over from the night before and this will be enough...

    From: In your own words

Transmission and prevention news from aidsmap

More news

Transmission and prevention news selected from other sources

  • England PrEP Impact Trial Launches

    The England PrEP IMPACT Trial goes live tomorrow. Before you all go rushing out to your local sexual health clinic there are a few things we’d like to make you aware of. The trial team are expecting an initial surge for demand and clinics are doing their best to accommodate this. There are a few things we can do to help. Please try to wait until your regular clinic opens as part of the trial rather than register at a new clinic - though we completely understand that expecting people to wait for access to NHS PrEP is unacceptable to some. The trial team are pushing really hard for most of the 70 initial sites to be live as soon as possible with the remaining 130 clinics following quickly behind. Most clinics are expected to be up by the end of November and all by April 2018.

    11 October 2017 | I Want PrEP Now
  • Reconsidering Primary Prevention: a Call To Action For The Global HIV Response

    "The [HIV] prevention toolbox is getting bigger, but the application of the tools is getting smaller. For...prevention to stand a chance, the silence, denial, negativity, and moralism surrounding sex and drug use must end. Policy makers and donors, including governments, must shed their reluctance to openly and positively address sex and drug use in their public health discourse and responses to HIV."

    09 October 2017 | MSMGF
  • PrEP presents questions for HIV prevention researchers, survey seeks answers

    In any trial of an HIV prevention measure, ethics demand that all known effective measures, which in earlier years added up to counseling and condoms, be made available. In a setting where PrEP would not otherwise be available though, is offering it sweetening the pot more than is ethically acceptable?

    04 October 2017 | Science Speaks
  • ‘AIDS spreads by shaking hands’: Old, banned pamphlets resurface on social media

    A pamphlet on AIDS awareness with wrongly printed information has suddenly resurfaced on social media and gone viral, but it turns out, the campaign was over two years old and had already been recalled.

    27 September 2017 | Indian Express
  • Say Goodbye to 'Risk'

    "Risky business". "Risk taker". "High risk". That’s not how people want to be seen when it comes to HIV. In the epidemic, the word “risk” is associated with the notion of “doing something wrong.” So using the words “at risk” becomes risky in itself. It runs the risk of turning people off, and away from prevention messages. People may not avail themselves of condoms or PrEP if they don’t identify with risk.

    25 September 2017 | Positively Aware
  • Heroin addiction: Why we took on this 7-day project

    We undertook this work – spreading our staff throughout courtrooms, jails, treatment facilities, finding addicts on the streets and talking to families who have lost love ones – to put the epidemic in proportion. It is massive. It has a direct or indirect impact on every one of us. It doesn’t discriminate by race, gender, age or economic background. Its insidious spread reaches every neighborhood, every township, every city, regardless of demographics.

    12 September 2017 | Cincinnati.com
  • Sex Map of Britain 2: Dangerous Infections

    BBC Three goes inside the consulting rooms of one of London’s busiest Sexual Health clinics to see if Brits pay enough attention to their sexual health. Diagnosing unexplained pain, HIV tests and removing genital warts are all in a day’s work for the ‘sex doctors’ and nurses at this East London clinic.

    07 September 2017 | BBC (video, UK only)
  • Record low number of new HIV cases in New South Wales

    HIV is one step closer to being eliminated in NSW with a rapid fall in diagnoses to record low levels, according to the latest quarterly NSW HIV Data Report. There were 101 new HIV diagnoses in gay and bisexual men in NSW in the first six months of this year – that number is the lowest recorded in NSW since HIV emerged in the 1980s.

    23 August 2017 | NSW Government
  • Controversial PrEP study from NHS England due to start in September

    Although 10,000 people might now access PrEP, in the three years since the UK PROUD study first reported results in October 2014, more than 15,000 people have already become HIV positive. Overall, this policy that has delayed access, based on the low priority given to sexual health of those people at highest risk.

    03 August 2017 | HIV i-Base
  • Gay black men with housing, social support less like to be part of HIV transmission “clusters”

    With the lifetime risk of HIV for black gay men nearing 50% in the U.S., public health experts are keen to identify what’s putting young gay black men at higher risk—and figure out what can be done to protect young gay black men from HIV.

    10 July 2017 | BETA blog
More news

Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.