Transmission and prevention: latest news

Transmission and prevention resources

  • How to get PrEP in the UK

    In England, PrEP is available to people taking part in the PrEP Impact trial.In Wales and Scotland, PrEP is available through NHS sexual health clinics.It is also...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Bacterial vaginosis

    Women may get bacterial vaginosis when the balance of normal bacteria in their vagina becomes disrupted.It is common and various activities seem to increase the...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission and viral load

    An undetectable viral load shows that HIV treatment is working well and that there is very little HIV in body fluids.In this situation, the risk...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Transmission facts

    HIV can only be passed on when one person's body fluids get inside another person. HIV can be passed on during sex without a condom,...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Undetectable viral load

    If your viral load result is undetectable, there is only a little HIV in the body. The aim of HIV treatment is to have an...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP)

    PrEP is highly effective in preventing the sexual transmission of HIV. For PrEP to work well, it’s important to take the pills regularly.While PrEP can...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

    PEP involves taking a 28-day course of anti-HIV drugs, after possible exposure to HIV.Doctors will assess your risk of HIV infection before prescribing PEP.PEP is available from...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV and having a baby

    Women living with HIV can give birth without passing on HIV to the baby.Your options for conception will depend on your health and your partner’s...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV transmission

    The two main ways in which HIV is passed on are unprotected vaginal and anal sex.Condoms, PrEP and HIV treatment are effective ways of preventing...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Viral load and transmission – a factsheet for HIV-negative people

    People with HIV who are on treatment and have an undetectable viral load are extremely unlikely to pass on HIV.Large scientific studies have proven this.Not...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Condoms

    Condoms protect against HIV, other sexually transmitted infections and pregnancy.Both female and male condoms are available.It’s important to follow the advice on how to use...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Viral load and transmission – a factsheet for people with HIV

    Effective HIV treatment reduces the amount of HIV in your body fluids.Having an undetectable viral load greatly reduces your chance of passing HIV on to...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • PrEP

    This briefing paper provides an overview of pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for people planning, commissioning or providing HIV prevention activities in the UK. It does this by reviewing...

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Sex and HIV

    Sex, desire and pleasure need not stop when you have an HIV diagnosis. Women continue to be sexually active and to have fulfilling sexual and emotional relationships. Many...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Sex

    Having HIV can affect people’s feelings about sex in many different ways. Some people become anxious about passing HIV on, or feel less desirable. While some people go...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission of drug-resistant virus

    Some people contract HIV that is already resistant to one or more anti-HIV drugs (this has been the case for between 6 and 10% of people in...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV treatment as prevention

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, describes the scientific evidence for HIV treatment as prevention and considers its implications for the UK....

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Undiagnosed HIV infection

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, covers undiagnosed HIV infection and late diagnosis of HIV in the UK....

    From: HIV prevention briefing papers

  • Behaviour change

    A practical introduction to the evidence regarding the effectiveness of non-biomedical HIV prevention methods....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis

    Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been in use, in healthcare settings, since 1988. Providing PEP after sexual exposure is more controversial....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

    Pre-exposure prophylaxis is an experimental HIV-prevention strategy that would use antiretrovirals (ARVs) to protect HIV-negative people from HIV infection....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Microbicides

    Microbicides are any substances which protect people against infection by microbes, such as viruses or bacteria, on contact with those microbes....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Preventing HIV

    An essential resource providing evidence-based information on preventing HIV infection. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4
  • Risk

    An examination of prosecuted behaviours, using scientific evidence to determine actual risk, and how this evidence has been applied in jurisdictions worldwide....

    From: HIV & the criminal law

    Information level Level 4
  • HIV transmission & testing

    A practical guide to the complexities surrounding HIV transmission routes, risks and HIV testing. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4

Transmission and prevention features

Transmission and prevention in your own words

  • Bored and horny

    It’s Sunday afternoon and it’s raining. I’m bored and horny. However, I’ve got £20 left over from the night before and this will be enough...

    From: In your own words

Transmission and prevention news from aidsmap

More news

Transmission and prevention news selected from other sources

  • Heroin addiction: Why we took on this 7-day project

    We undertook this work – spreading our staff throughout courtrooms, jails, treatment facilities, finding addicts on the streets and talking to families who have lost love ones – to put the epidemic in proportion. It is massive. It has a direct or indirect impact on every one of us. It doesn’t discriminate by race, gender, age or economic background. Its insidious spread reaches every neighborhood, every township, every city, regardless of demographics.

    12 September 2017 | Cincinnati.com
  • Sex Map of Britain 2: Dangerous Infections

    BBC Three goes inside the consulting rooms of one of London’s busiest Sexual Health clinics to see if Brits pay enough attention to their sexual health. Diagnosing unexplained pain, HIV tests and removing genital warts are all in a day’s work for the ‘sex doctors’ and nurses at this East London clinic.

    07 September 2017 | BBC (video, UK only)
  • Record low number of new HIV cases in New South Wales

    HIV is one step closer to being eliminated in NSW with a rapid fall in diagnoses to record low levels, according to the latest quarterly NSW HIV Data Report. There were 101 new HIV diagnoses in gay and bisexual men in NSW in the first six months of this year – that number is the lowest recorded in NSW since HIV emerged in the 1980s.

    23 August 2017 | NSW Government
  • Controversial PrEP study from NHS England due to start in September

    Although 10,000 people might now access PrEP, in the three years since the UK PROUD study first reported results in October 2014, more than 15,000 people have already become HIV positive. Overall, this policy that has delayed access, based on the low priority given to sexual health of those people at highest risk.

    03 August 2017 | HIV i-Base
  • Gay black men with housing, social support less like to be part of HIV transmission “clusters”

    With the lifetime risk of HIV for black gay men nearing 50% in the U.S., public health experts are keen to identify what’s putting young gay black men at higher risk—and figure out what can be done to protect young gay black men from HIV.

    10 July 2017 | BETA blog
  • Should everyone be getting the HIV prevention pill as part of this HIV vaccine study?

    More than 500 people have signed up since December to be part of the country’s largest HIV vaccine trial, but some experts are crying foul over what they say is unequal access to the HIV prevention pill among participants.

    30 June 2017 | Bhekisisa
  • ‘We must listen to science, not stigma. People on effective HIV treatment cannot pass on the virus.’

    Medical evidence has shown that people living with HIV and who are on effective treatment cannot pass on the virus. However, a major new survey by Terrence Higgins Trust has shown that only 9% of the British public are aware of this fact, which has been evidenced by scientific research.

    29 June 2017 | Terrence Higgins Trust
  • Generic PrEP approved, but not soon available

    The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has approved the first generic version of Truvada, a combination pill used for both HIV treatment and prevention, but it will not soon hit pharmacy shelves, advocates said.

    17 June 2017 | Bay Area Reporter
  • Top HIV expert is not donating to crowdfunding HIV vaccine campaign, says it's "Fake News"

    Dr. Carl W. Dieffenbach, head of the AIDS division of the US National Institutes of Health, has denounced an HIV vaccine crowdfunding campaign involving prominent stars. The major fundraising #ENDHIV campaign which features SIA, the campaign’s ambassador. Other celebrities include Zoe Saldana and Julianne Moore. Dr Dieffenbach's assessment is not pointed at the celebrities nor the organisation behind the campaign. It’s about the research of scientist, Dr. Paul, whom Dieffenbach asserts “is wrong” in his direction towards discovering the vaccine or cure promoted by the video and the campaign’s website www.endhiv.com. Yet, the #ENDHIV video calls Dr. Paul’s work “a promising new AIDS cure.”

    17 June 2017 | imstilljosh
  • PrEP 17 – The coming of age of PrEP

    PrEP17 explores the stories of over a dozen PrEP activists; current and former PrEP users; clinicians; and policy-makers. The 36 minute documentary film, commissioned by PrEPster, shines a light on how PrEP has become available to thousands of people, despite the failures of the health system.

    26 May 2017 | Prepster
More news

Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
close

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.