Transmission and prevention: latest news

Transmission and prevention resources

  • Sex and HIV

    Sex, desire and pleasure need not stop when you have an HIV diagnosis. Women continue to be sexually active and to have fulfilling sexual and emotional relationships. Many...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Sex

    Having HIV can affect people’s feelings about sex in many different ways. Some people become anxious about passing HIV on, or feel less desirable. While some people go...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission of drug-resistant virus

    Some people contract HIV that is already resistant to one or more anti-HIV drugs (this has been the case for between 6 and 10% of people in...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV treatment as prevention

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, describes the scientific evidence for HIV treatment as prevention and considers its implications for the UK....

    From: HIV Prevention England briefing papers

  • HIV treatment and sexual transmission

    If you have HIV, there's a chance that you could pass it on to somebody else. HIV may be present in infectious quantities in blood, semen, vaginal fluids and...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Undiagnosed HIV infection

    This briefing paper, produced by NAM for HIV Prevention England, covers undiagnosed HIV infection and late diagnosis of HIV in the UK....

    From: HIV Prevention England briefing papers

  • Oral sex

    Many men and women find oral sex an intensely pleasurable experience. People use different terms to refer to oral sex (including formal terms like fellatio...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP)

    If you have had unprotected sex (including if a condom broke or came off during sex) or shared drug injecting equipment with somebody you know...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Bacterial vaginosis

    Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is a condition which occurs when the normal balance of bacteria in the vagina becomes disrupted. This can result in an over-growth...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Transmission and viral load

    There is less risk of passing on HIV if your viral load is undetectable because you are taking anti-HIV drugs. Not all scientists agree on...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Mother-to-baby transmission

    HIV can be transmitted from an HIV-positive woman to her child either during pregnancy, or during labour and delivery, or by breastfeeding. In Europe and...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Behaviour change

    A practical introduction to the evidence regarding the effectiveness of non-biomedical HIV prevention methods....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Post-exposure prophylaxis

    Post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) has been in use, in healthcare settings, since 1988. Providing PEP after sexual exposure is more controversial....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis

    Pre-exposure prophylaxis is an experimental HIV-prevention strategy that would use antiretrovirals (ARVs) to protect HIV-negative people from HIV infection....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Microbicides

    Microbicides are any substances which protect people against infection by microbes, such as viruses or bacteria, on contact with those microbes....

    From: Preventing HIV

    Information level Level 4
  • Preventing HIV

    An essential resource providing evidence-based information on preventing HIV infection. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4
  • Risk

    An examination of prosecuted behaviours, using scientific evidence to determine actual risk, and how this evidence has been applied in jurisdictions worldwide....

    From: HIV & the criminal law

    Information level Level 4
  • HIV transmission & testing

    A practical guide to the complexities surrounding HIV transmission routes, risks and HIV testing. ...

    From: Aidsmap 2.0

    Information level Level 4

Transmission and prevention features

Transmission and prevention in your own words

  • Bored and horny

    It’s Sunday afternoon and it’s raining. I’m bored and horny. However, I’ve got £20 left over from the night before and this will be enough...

    From: In your own words

Transmission and prevention news from aidsmap

More news

Transmission and prevention news selected from other sources

  • While Russia grapples with HIV epidemic, Moscow's addicts share their filthy needles

    Infection rates are set to hit three million, but drug use and unsafe sex - the main causes - are rife.

    26 May 2015 | The Guardian
  • Scotland must extend PrEP, not wait for HIV vaccine

    Charities across Scotland and the UK called upon the government for access to pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) as an effective means of preventing HIV infection. George Valiotis, CEO of HIV Scotland, told KaleidoScot: “We need to see leadership from Scottish Government on making access to PrEP a reality. The steps needed to make it happen must be clarified, and action taken to speed the process up.

    19 May 2015 | KaleidoScot
  • Lottery Ticket Approach Leads to Drastic Reduction in HIV Prevalence

    Researchers funded by the World Bank arrived at a wildly unorthodox and unexpectedly effective strategy for preventing HIV in the African nation of Lesotho: A lottery program that offered participants an opportunity to win cash on the condition that they tested negative for sexually transmitted infections. “As risky sexual behavior, which is responsible for the vast majority of new HIV infections, also involves a risky gamble, lottery programs may better target those at higher risk of getting infected by HIV,” the authors wrote in a World Bank working paper published in March.

    13 May 2015 | Foreign Policy
  • Are scare tactics off the table for public health campaigns targeting HIV?

    Over the last 10 years, public health campaigns in New York City around smoking, obesity, and HIV underwent a dramatic shift to use fear and disgust to spur behavior change, sometimes with the unintended consequence of stigmatizing affected populations. In a new article, scholars explore the implications of this shift to fear-based campaigns in the present public health environment.

    06 May 2015 | Science Daily
  • European Court of Justice justifies some bans on donated gay blood

    Lifetime bans on gay men donating blood may be justified as long as authorities have no access to “less onerous” methods of keeping blood supplies free from sexual infections, according to a ruling from the EU’s highest court.

    01 May 2015 | Financial Times
  • Pre-exposure prophylaxis works—it's time to deliver

    The science is now clear: oral pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) with a coformulation of tenofovir disoproxil fumarate and emtricitabine (Truvada) significantly reduces the risk of HIV infection among individuals at high risk of HIV infection. The news that PrEP has shown consistent efficacy among those who take it as prescribed should be a cause for celebration, and galvanise action to ensure access to PrEP for those who could benefit the most.

    17 April 2015 | The Lancet
  • Are Condoms Over? Research and Reality for Gay Men

    Are condoms over? No. The availability of new prevention options does not require us to abandon a tool that has been proven effective for decades. Let's move forward in the search for new prevention options without bashing the ones we have -- or those who promote them.

    15 April 2015 | The Body
  • Providers have mixed feelings about prescribing HIV prevention

    National survey finds providers’ perspectives lag behind PrEP guidelines: The survey was the first to be conducted since the U.S. Public Health Service released detailed PrEP guidelines in May 2014. In the Web-based survey fewer than half of 324 practitioners, most of them HIV specialists, fewer than half reported being “very likely” to prescribe PrEP to their patients who are high-risk heterosexuals or people who use intravenous drugs. For some other prime candidates—HIV-negative men whose male partners have the virus—79 percent of providers reported being very likely to prescribe the regimen.

    07 April 2015 | Group Health Research Institute
  • Texas Bill Cuts HIV Funding, Boosts Abstinence Education

    Texas would cut $3 million in state funds for programs to prevent HIV and other sexually transmitted diseases and put that money toward abstinence education under a Republican-sponsored measure advanced by the state House.

    01 April 2015 | ABC News
  • Our HIV crisis: PrEP is not a cure

    Take a pill daily and prevent the contraction of HIV 99 percent of the time. That is the narrative presented to many young men who have sex with men (MSM) by their peers regarding pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP). And, as is normally the case with anything framed in such a simple manner, the nuances of treatment fall through the cracks. It is unwise to herald PrEP as the key to freeing a generation from HIV. It is merely one piece of a larger effort. Not only is PrEP not for everyone, but public health activists face political obstacles similar to those hurled at advocates of birth control.

    01 April 2015 | Yale Daily News
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Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.