The confidentiality of an HIV-positive diagnosis

  • In some circumstances, there can be pressure to disclose HIV status to medical professionals, immigration officials and sexual partners.

In the vast majority of situations, the disclosure of HIV status is a question of personal choice. Decisions to do so or not to do so will depend on the priorities and values of the individual, and on the relationships he or she has with different people and organisations.

Particular situations in which there may be pressure for an HIV-positive status to be disclosed are described in the paragraphs below regarding GPs, travel restrictions and sexual partners, and in the following sections on employment and insurance.

More information on all these topics can be found in NAM’s Social & legal issues for people with HIV.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.