The Global Fund: which countries owe how much?

Keith Alcorn
Published: 29 April 2002

The authors are:

Dr. Tim France, Health & Development Networks (US EST +11 hours)

Thailand: Tel: +66 9 950 0685; Email: tfran@hdnet.org

Gorik Ooms, Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) Luxembourg (US EST +7 hours)

Mozambique: Tel: +258 82 311 075; Email: msflmoz@teledata.mz

Bernard Rivers, Aidspan (US EST)

USA (New York): Tel: +1 212 662 6800; Email: Rivers@aidspan.org

Nearly one year ago, the majority of the world’s nations resolved at ‘UNGASS’, a major UN conference on AIDS, to increase annual expenditure on the AIDS epidemic to $7-10 billion by 2005, with much of this money to be raised and disbursed by a new global fund. When the fund was eventually set up, its mandate was extended, and it was named the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria.

Thus far, efforts have been made to raise the money needed by the Global Fund through ad hoc voluntary donations. These efforts have failed.

Governments have pledged a mere $1.8 billion. Contributions from the private sector have been even more disappointing, with not a single meaningful pledge since the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation offered $100 million ten months ago.

It’s time for a new approach. The Global Fund needs to grow rapidly to the point where it raises $10 billion a year. Contributions to the Global Fund should be equitably shared among the countries whose citizens live the most comfortable and unthreatened lives. This means that the wealthiest countries, such as the US, should contribute considerably more than they currently do. But it also means that contributions should come from the likes of Australia, Singapore, and the United Arab Emirates – relatively wealthy countries that have not yet contributed a penny.

Part of the problem is that to date, nobody has proposed which countries should give how much. The following table therefore offers an ‘Equitable Contributions Framework’ that can be used as a starting point for working out an appropriate contribution level for each country, and for measuring how well each country is doing against that level.

The Framework suggests that $1 billion a year should come from the private sector, as a minimum to justify the label ‘public/private partnership’ and the two seats it has out of the 18 voting seats on the Fund board. The remaining $9 billion a year should come, in proportion to Gross Domestic Product (GDP), from the 48 countries that have a ‘high’ Human Development Index, or HDI. (The UN’s HDI measures the overall quality of life based on standard of living, life expectancy, and literacy plus

school-enrolment.)

The proposed contribution comes to 0.035% of GDP for each country. Not one country has yet given at this level. Assuming, in the absence of better data, that every contribution made thus far is entirely for use this year, the Netherlands (contributing at 97% of its proposed level), Sweden (73%) and Italy (57%) have done reasonably well. Seventeen countries have given between 1% and 50% of the proposed level, with Japan and the US at a very disappointing 12% and 13%, respectively. And 28 ‘high development’ countries have given nothing at all. Further details are provided at www.hdnet.org and www.aidspan.org.

It is to the credit of countries like Uganda and Nigeria that, poor as they are on a per capita basis, they have made multi-million-dollar contributions to the Fund. And it is to the shame of many of the 48 relatively wealthy countries that they have contributed little or nothing, without even stating why.

The Global Fund represents a bold new approach. The Fund’s leaders say that it will be more fast-moving, participatory, transparent and accountable than traditional channels. The Fund needs a chance to prove itself. It would be a shame if it were to fail simply because it did not receive the funding it needs to get properly established and to respond to the most urgent and obvious needs.

Table:

Equitable Contributions Framework for the Global Fund, based on GDP (21 April 2002)

G7 “high Human Development Index” countries:

style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

Suggested “Equitable annual contribution” (

class=SpellE>US$m)

Total Pledge to GF thus far

($m., and as % of

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Col

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 2)

 

Estimated portion of total pledge that applies to

2002

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>United

States

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>3, 479

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>450

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(13%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>250

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(7%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Japan

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1, 646

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>200

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(12%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>68

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(4%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Germany

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>658

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>158

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(24%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>35

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(5%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>United

Kingdom

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>498

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>219

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(44%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>67

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(13%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>France

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>453

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>151

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(33%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>51

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(11%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Italy

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>376

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>215

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(57%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>73

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(19%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Canada

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>243

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>100

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(41%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>38

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(15%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>G7 Total

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>7, 352

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1, 493

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(20%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>580

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(8%)

style='width:100.0%;background:#99CCFF;border-collapse:collapse;border:none;

mso-border-alt:solid windowtext .5pt;mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;

mso-border-insideh:.5pt solid windowtext;mso-border-insidev:.5pt solid windowtext'>

Table:

Equitable Contributions Framework for the Global Fund, based on GDP (21 April 2002)

Non-G7 “high Human Development Index” countries

style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

Suggested “Equitable annual

contribution” (US$m)

 

Total Pledge to GF thus far

($m., and as % of

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Col

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 2)

 

Estimated portion of total pledge that applies to

2002

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Spain

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>195

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>58

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(29%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>19

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(10%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Netherlands

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>128

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>125

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(97%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>42

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(32%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Switzerland

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>85

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>10

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(12%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>3

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(4%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Belgium

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>81

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>19

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(24%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>6

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(8%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Sweden

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>80

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>58

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(73%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>20

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(25%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Austria

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>67

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>4

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(5%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(2%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Denmark

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>57

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>2

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(4%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(1%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Finland

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>42

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>2

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(4%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(1%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Greece

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>39

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>2

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(4%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(1%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Portugal

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>37

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(4%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>0

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(1%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Ireland

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>33

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>10

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(31%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>3

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(10%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Kuwait

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>10

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(10%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>0

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(3%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Luxembourg

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>7

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>3

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(41%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(14%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Others

****

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1 - 161

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>0

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(0%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>0

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(0%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Non - G7

Total

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>1, 648

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>294

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(18%)

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>99

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:9.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>(6%)

style='font-size:8.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>Table

references:

style='font-size:8.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

style='font-size:8.0pt;mso-bidi-font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'>****

style='mso-spacerun:yes'>  Argentina, Australia, Bahamas, Bahrain,

Barbados, Brunei, Chile, Costa Rica, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic,

Estonia, Hong Kong, Hungary, Iceland, Israel, Lithuania, Malta, New Zealand,

Norway, Poland, Qatar, Singapore, Slovakia, Slovenia, South Korea, United

Arab Emirates, Uruguay.

style='font-size:10.0pt;font-family:Arial'> 

The final column is based on private sources plus our own estimates, because the information is not published. We understand that total pledges are: 2002=$725m., 2003=$487m., 2004=$132m., 2005=$67m., 2006=$27m., plus $484m. for which the year(s) are not specified. We also understand that the pledges for 2002 (before adding shares of the EU pledge, when appropriate) include USA=$250m., UK=$60m., Netherlands=$40m., Canada=$37.5m., and Germany=$26.5m. For other countries and for the private sector, the 2002 portion is not known, so we have assumed it to be 33.8% of the total pledge, in order to bring the overall 2002 total to the known figure of $725 m. Further information received will be reflected in future versions of this table.

c) Totals from the above table

(i) Total for all 48 high HDI countries:

  • Suggested “equitable annual contribution” to Global Fund: US$9,000 million
  • Total pledge to Global Fund thus far: US$1,788 million
  • Estimated portion of total pledge that applies to 2002: US$679 million

The European Commission has pledged $106.9 million to the Global Fund.

In the table, this sum has been added to the direct pledges to the Global Fund of the 15 EU countries, in proportion to their respective GDPs.

Denmark, Portugal, Finland and Greece have not made any direct pledges, but, like the others, have been credited here with portions of the EC pledge.

(ii) Total for all non-'high HDI' countries that have donated:

  • Suggested “equitable annual contribution” to Global Fund: $0
  • Total pledge to Global Fund thus far: US$33 million
  • Estimated portion of total pledge that applies to 2002: US$11 million

Non ‘high HDI’ countries that have donated are Russia ($20m.), Nigeria ($10m.), Uganda ($2m.), Zimbabwe ($1m.), Andorra ($100,000), Niger ($50,000), Liberia ($25,000), Kenya ($8,273).

(iii) Total for private sector (foundations and corporations):

  • Suggested “equitable annual contribution” to Global Fund: US$1,000 million
  • Total pledge to Global Fund thus far: US$101 million
  • Estimated portion of total pledge that applies to 2002: US$34 million

Of the $101.15 m. pledged by the private sector as of 18 April 2002, $100 m. was from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.

(iv) Grand total

  • Suggested “equitable annual contribution” to Global Fund: US$10,000 million
  • Total pledge to Global Fund thus far: US$1,922 million
  • Estimated portion of total pledge that applies to 2002: US$725 million

Explanatory example

The GDP in 2000 of all 48 countries totalled $25,569 billion. The GDP of the US that year was $9,882 billion, or 38.7% of the total. Thus, if the 48 countries shared equitably the donation of $9 billion annually to the Global Fund (with the remaining $1 billion coming from the private sector), the US’s contribution would be the $3.479 billion that is shown in the table.

Sources

(i) Pledges:

Global Fund website

UNAIDS

and private sources.

(Pledges are as of 18 April 2002)

(ii) HDI:

United Nations Development Programme

(iii) GDP:

World Bank

Additional data plus future updates available at Health and Development Networks and Aidspan

Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.