Summary

Published: 07 April 2009

HIV is not present in:

  • Urine.
  • Faeces.

HIV is present in negligible quantities in:

  • Saliva (but is not infectious).
  • Tears.

HIV is present in infectious quantities in:

  • Blood and blood-derived products.
  • Semen and possibly pre-ejaculatory fluid.
  • Vaginal and cervical secretions or fluids.
  • Rectal secretions.
  • Breast milk.

These are, for all intents and purposes, the key body fluids and materials to take precautions against.

This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.