It was long assumed that a major driver of the vastly greater prevalence of HIV infection in Zimbabwe, South Africa and other epicenters of the African HIV epidemic is intergeneratioal sex - sepcifically, young women having sexual realtionships with older "sugar daddies". Contrary to expectations, a recent high-quality, longitudinal study showed that participation in intergenerational sex did not impact the likelihood of contracting HIV infection.
05 September 2014 | Scientific American
In 2008, a consortium of concerned international NGOs and advocacy organisations introduced the NGO Code of Conduct for Health System Strengthening, which highlighted how disproportionate funding for NGOs, rather than for public sector health systems, has undermined public services in many developing countries.The NGO Code of Conduct outlines a set of proposed best practices for NGOs to support local public services. However, after promoting the NGO Code of Conduct for 5 years, the behaviour of some NGOs seems unlikely to change unless donors hold them accountable for adhering to these best practices.
27 August 2014 | The Lancet
The global community has called for an end to rape in wartime, but the crime is less understood than typically acknowledged, and addressing it will demand local interventions.
13 June 2014 | The Lancet
Efforts are underway to rid Uganda of the scourge of schistosomiasis but provision of clean water and good sanitation lags behind treatment efforts. The disease is linked to increased infection rates of HIV among girls.
16 May 2014 | The Lancet
Everyone knows that the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation likes technology, inventing new things and helping others find innovative ways to fight diseases that afflict those living in the poorest parts of the world. But what the philanthropy hasn’t done, say some of its critics, is invest much time, attention or money in dealing with some of the more fundamental – and complex – drivers of poverty, disease and inequity
06 May 2014 | Humanosphere
“Not only is violence against women an extreme human rights violation, it also makes women more vulnerable to HIV infection,” said Michel Sidibé, Executive Director of UNAIDS. “Post-2015 is the opportunity to ensure all women and girls reach their full potential, without the threat of violence or risk of HIV infection.”
13 March 2014 | UNAIDS (press release)
In the first study to look at the consequences of anti-gay prejudice for mortality, researchers at Columbia University's Mailman School of Public Health found that lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) individuals who lived in communities with high levels of anti-gay prejudice have a shorter life expectancy of 12 years on average compared with their peers in the least prejudiced communities. "The results of this study suggest a broadening of the consequences of prejudice to include premature death," noted the study's lead author, Mark Hatzenbuehler, PhD, assistant professor of Sociomedical Sciences. The study is online in the journal Social Science & Medicine.
16 February 2014 | Mailman School of Public Health
There’s no simple answer to why gay men bareback. It’s a mixture of all of these issues, but chief among these is certainly the fact that thanks to ever advancing medication HIV is no longer regarded as a death sentence.
30 January 2014 | Beige
The findings suggest that women involved in violent relationships fear that their partner might respond with violence if asked to use a condom, which in turn, leads to less condom use for these women.
22 January 2014 | Eurekalert Medicine & Health
A study, led by Oxford University, finds that government grants in Southern Africa reduce HIV risks for teenage girls. The study, in The Lancet Global Health, involved 3,515 young people between 2009-12 in urban and rural parts of two South African provinces. They found teenage girls from households receiving grants were two-thirds less likely to take much older boyfriends, and half as likely to have sex in exchange for money, food, school fees or shelter.
27 November 2013 | Eurekalert Inf Dis