India

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Country data

Editors' pick
India: Country Snapshots - HIV and Men who have Sex with Men.

The MSM Country Snapshots is a new publication series that disseminates strategic information on HIV and men who have sex with men (MSM) in Asia and the Pacific. The four- to five-page documents are intended to circulate good practices, share progress, stimulate discussion, and inform priority interventions and advocacy efforts.

Type Country data
Published December 2012
Author UNAIDS, UNDP, Asia Pacific Coalition on Male Sexual Health, HIV/AIDS Data Hub, et al (2012)
Language English
Topics Men who have sex with men (MSM)
Editors' pick
National AIDS Control Programme, Phase III - State Fact Sheets

The adult HIV prevalence at national level has continued its steady decline from 0.41% in 2000 through 0.36% in 2006 to 0.31% in 2009. All the six high prevalence states show declining trend. However, the low prevalence states of Assam, Chandigarh, Orissa, Kerala, Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, Jammu & Kashmir, Arunachal Pradesh and Meghalaya show rising trends in the last four years.

Type Country data
Published March 2012
Language English
Topics Epidemiology
Editors' pick
India at a Glance - Country Review

India country review provides a narrative account of the current HIV and AIDS situation, trends, projections, resource investment and policy and programmatic responses in the country.

Type Country data
Published September 2011
Language English
Topics Epidemiology
National AIDS Control Programme Phase III (2007-2012)

The National AIDS Control Programme Phase III (2007-2012) is being launched with the objective to halt and reverse the spread of the HIV/AIDS epidemic in India. During this phase the National AIDS Control Organisation will strengthen capacity, formulate policy and guide implementation to enable a decentralized response focussed on local needs.

Type Country data
Published 2007
Author NACO
Language English
Topics Policy

Case Studies

Discussion Paper: Islam, sexual diversity and access to health services

This discussion paper is a direct outcome of the session, investigating Islam, one of the four key faiths (Buddhism, Christianity, Hinduism and Islam) in the region. The Working Group prioritised Islam due to the number of countries particularly in South and Southeast Asia that male-to-male sex between consenting adults is criminalised (Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Brunei, Malaysia, Maldives, Pakistan). In India, male-to-male sex is legal in Delhi, and in Indonesia, it depends on the province and districts that enact the Sharia law, which criminalise male-to-male sex. .

Type Case Studies
Published 2013
Author APCOM
Language English
Topics Religion and faith
Understanding barriers to sexual and reproductive health for female sex workers

Alliance is implementing Avahan India AIDS initiative, funded by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, to support female sex workers (FSW) and men who have sex with men (MSM) who are vulnerable to HIV and other STIs. However, Avahan does not directly address sexual reproductive health (SRH) needs of FSW. A qualitative research study was conducted by Alliance through focus group discussions with 144 FSW to identify their SRH needs. The major findings of the study are: condom use was low with regular partners; significant number of participants had unprotected anal sex; forced sex, harassment, demand for free sex and group sex were common; unintended pregnancies were common; self-induced abortions with post-abortion complications were common; and only a third of the respondents felt they could take decisions related to their pregnancy.

Type Case Studies
Published 01 May 2012
Language English
Topics Access to medicines and treatment, Reproductive health, Retention and linkage to care, Sex workers
Editors' pick
Mobile Clinics in India Take to the Road - Bringing HIV Testing and Counseling and Sexually Transmitted Infection Services to Those Most at Risk

In India, most new HIV infections are concentrated in specific groups within the population and in certain areas of the country. To effectively reach most-at-risk populations, including sex workers, people who inject drugs and men-who-have sex with men, the Mumbai-based Avert Society is working with other nongovernmental organizations in five districts of Maharashtra to deliver HIV and STI testing via mobile testing clinics. Although the mobile clinic program is less than a year old, it has shown promising results to date.

Type Case Studies
Published October 2011
Posted by AIDSTAR-One
Language English
Topics HIV testing, Men who have sex with men (MSM), People who inject drugs, Promoting HIV testing, Sex workers
SANGRAM’s Collectives - Engaging Communities in India to Demand their Rights

Integrating strategies to address gender inequity and change harmful gender norms is an increasingly important component of HIV programs. However, gender integration among programs targeting most-at-risk populations (MARPs) is much less prevalent. This case study (one of nine in a series) reviews how SANGRAM, a women-led network of collective empowerment groups in India, is developing and administering projects that promote and protect the rights—and health—of MARPs.

Type Case Studies
Published August 2011
Posted by AIDSTAR-One
Language English
Topics Activism, Human rights, Sex workers
The Avahan-India AIDS Initiative: Promising Approaches to Combination HIV Prevention Programming in Concentrated Epidemics

Launched in 2003, the Avahan-India HIV prevention program has become a global model for combination HIV prevention programming that meets the complex and varied needs of most-at-risk populations. This case study describes Avahan’s behavioral, biomedical, and structural components and how the program was able to quickly scale up its activities across 82 districts in India.

Type Case Studies
Published March 2011
Posted by AIDSTAR-One
Language English
Topics Behaviour change interventions
Alcohol Consumption and HIV Risk - A Peer Education Strategy for Bar Patrons

Through their innovative Community Popular Opinion Leader (CPOL) approach, the Y.R. Gaitonde Center for AIDS Research and Education (Y.R.G. CARE) provided peer education on the risks of alcohol consumption and HIV in informal bars known as wine shops in Chennai, India between 2002 and 2007. Using "I statements" to convey relatable personal experiences, focusing more realistically on risk reduction rather than risk elimination, and continually seeking new information on the social and structural environment in Chennai helped Y.R.G. CARE develop an adaptable, peer-based HIV prevention program.

Type Case Studies
Published October 2010
Posted by AIDSTAR-One
Language English
Topics Behaviour change interventions
Editors' pick
The Humsafar Trust, Mumbai, India - Empowering Communities of Men Who Have Sex with Men to Prevent HIV

Recent studies confirm that globally men who have sex with men (MSM) are at significantly greater risk for HIV infection than other adults of reproductive age, due to a combination of biological, behavioral, and structural factors. In a sometimes difficult cultural and political environment, the Humsafar Trust works with MSM in Mumbai and successfully links community advocacy and support activities to the development of effective HIV prevention and health services. In India as elsewhere, the development of responsive programming and service options for MSM will help reduce their vulnerability to HIV and improve the overall effectiveness of the HIV response.

Type Case Studies
Published May 2010
Posted by AIDSTAR-One
Language English
Topics Finding support, Men who have sex with men (MSM)

Technical Reports

Policy Brief: Overlooked, Ignored, Forgotten: HIV and Basic Rights of Transgender People in Asia and the Pacific

Transgender people have greater needs for medical care in addition to basic health care and gender alignment, including sexual and reproductive health and psychosocial needs. However, external factors such as discrimination and poverty make it more difficult to access support services. Understanding the stigma under which transgender people must live throughout their life is the key to understanding the difficulties they face, including their risk to HIV.

Type Technical Reports
Published 2013
Author APCOM
Language English
Topics Experiences of stigma, Transgender people
Setting the scene: Assessing and planning with harm reduction partners

This report summarises the results of site assessments on HIV and drug use in China, India, Indonesia, Kenya and Malaysia. The assessments were conducted by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance and their teams of experts in four technical areas: HIV prevention services for people who inject drugs; HIV and drug-related policy and environment ; Organisational development issues; Monitoring and evaluation of interventions. The assessments were conducted to guide planning for the Community Action on Harm Reduction (CAHR) project, funded by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the government of the Netherlands and implemented by the International HIV/AIDS Alliance. The assessments focused on the Alliance’s lead partners in implementation of the CAHR project and also focused on the sub-recipients (implementing partners) of these five organisations, along with an in-country situation assessment.

Type Technical Reports
Published 18 April 2013
Author International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Language English
Topics Harm reduction, People who inject drugs

Capacity Building

Reaching drug users: A toolkit for outreach services

This guide provides tips on how to do outreach work among communities of people who use drugs, in particular among injecting drug users. It includes suggestions on how to optimise the number of clients served by each outreach worker, in order to ensure cost effectiveness.

Type Capacity Building
Published 06 February 2013
Author International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Language English
Topics Harm reduction, People who inject drugs
Of spices and silk: Sharing stories of technical support to Global Fund grants in Asia

This publication is a collection of 11 case stories reflecting the experiences of technical support providers within real-life contexts. They demonstrate the rich and sometimes complex processes and contexts in which Global Fund grants operate. The case stories were written during a Writeshop held in Bangkok in August 2012 where participants were invited to use a narrative structure to reflect on and draw out their experiences working as consultants providing technical support for Global Fund grants.

Type Capacity Building
Published 25 September 2012
Author The International HIV/AIDS Alliance
Language English
Topics Global health initiatives
 

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Blogs from India

Bapuji Center for AIDS Research & Education (B'Care)

July 28, 2008 - AIDS RIDE 2008, Now in Ciudad de Mexico, Mexico. WE HAVE REACHED OUR DESTINATION!!!
Posted on 31 Jul 2008

17th July 2008, Wednesday, Bike fixing, Wadwani, DR. Surya Prakash, further to Immigration Mexico reached Metamoros, slept at Pemix18th July 2008, Friday, reached San Fernando covering 86 miles, I met ...

CARE India

World Humanitarian Summit
Posted on 05 Feb 2015

“Let´s be bold together” CARE at the regional consultations in Budapest for the World Humanitarian Summit By Barbara Jackson, Humanitarian Director, CARE International I am currently in Budapest, Hungary, attending ...

El Shaddai Charitable Trust

Football match
Posted on 10 Dec 2016

On the 9th December 2016 the Shanti Niketan under 10 boys participated in the inter school tournament organised by F C Goa. The match was organised on the St Joseph's ...

Humsafar Trust

PRIDE EVENT : Ek Madhavbaug & Dancing Queens
Posted on 24 Jan 2011

Watch the soul stirring performance reading of Chetan Datar’s celebrated play ‘Ek Madhavbaug’ : 6.30 PM by Mona Ambegaonkar

 
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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