In high-income countries, exclusive bottle feeding with formula milk is recommended for mothers with HIV. In low-income countries (where clean water is not always available), breastfeeding is recommended for all mothers.

Infant feeding: latest news

Infant feeding resources

  • HIV and having a baby

    Women living with HIV can give birth without passing on HIV to the baby.Your options for conception will depend on your health and your partner’s...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Having a baby

    Lots of people with HIV have had babies without passing on the infection. To do so, you need some help from your doctor.If you are...

    From: The basics

    Information level Level 1
  • Breastfeeding

    The first evidence that HIV could be transmitted via breast milk was a case report of the child of a previously healthy woman who was delivered by...

    From: HIV transmission & testing

    Information level Level 4

Infant feeding features

Infant feeding in your own words

Infant feeding news from aidsmap

More news

Infant feeding news selected from other sources

  • Why U=U does not cover breastfeeding

    Cases of HIV transmission have already been reported when mothers are on ART with undetectable viral load, notably in the PROMISE trial. Latest results presented at AIDS 2018 reported that 2/8 cases when transmission occurred form breastfeeding were in women whose most recent viral load was <40 copies/mL.

    11 November 2018 | HIV i-Base
  • Pregnancy and infant feeding: Can we say U=U about the risk of passing HIV to an infant?

    Can an undetectable viral load eliminate the risk of passing HIV to an infant? This article will examine what we know about the risk of passing HIV through pregnancy, childbirth and infant feeding.

    13 February 2018 | CATIE
  • No transmissions from breastfeeding in Tanzania cohort from mothers with undetectable viral load

    No HIV exposed infants who were negative at birth, whose mothers started ART before delivery, had suppressed viral loads and exclusively breastfed, were HIV positive after breastfeeding, in a rural African cohort.

    13 November 2017 | HIV i-Base
  • Women With HIV Breast-feed in Secret

    Current guidelines recommend that women with HIV avoid breast-feeding, but some do so without advising their physician and without monitoring for the safety of their baby. However, when a woman has an undetectable viral load, the risk is minimal, according to some specialists.

    08 November 2017 | Medscape (requires free registration)
  • Breast-feeding by Women With HIV Disputed

    A controversy being debated around the world — whether women living with HIV should breast-feed — was in the spotlight here at the American Academy of Pediatrics 2017 National Conference and Exhibition.

    25 September 2017 | Medscape (free registration required)
  • British Mothers With HIV Are Going Hungry To Pay For Formula Milk

    Breastfeeding risks infecting the baby and, according to a new report, mothers living in poverty are sacrificing their health to avoid it. “I have to skip eating lunch to save for food in the evening,” a mum of three told BuzzFeed News.

    03 April 2017 | BuzzFeed
  • Breastfeeding with an undetectable viral load: what do we know?

    Megan DePutter on why undetectable does not equal untransmittable in the case of breastfeeding, but why women should be supported to make an informed choice anyway.

    08 March 2017 | Positive Lite
  • Malawi High Court Affirms Human Rights Approach to Criminalisation of HIV Transmission and Exposure

    The appellant is a woman living with HIV who was convicted of negligently and recklessly doing an act which is “likely to spread the infection of any disease which is dangerous to life” under section 192 of the Malawi Penal Code for accidentally breastfeeding another person’s child. Her conviction and sentence have been overturned and set aside.

    01 February 2017 | Southern African Litigation Centre
  • Pre-exposure Prophylaxis Use by Breastfeeding HIV-Uninfected Women

    In our study we wanted to understand whether drugs currently used for PrEP are excreted into breast milk and then absorbed by the breastfeeding infant in clinically significant concentrations when taken orally by their HIV-uninfected mothers to reduce their risk of acquiring HIV.

    29 September 2016 |
  • A ‘formula for success’ to support mothers living with HIV

    When condoms and syringes are given out for free why is formula milk not? On International Women’s Day we want to take the opportunity to highlight this unmet need.

    08 March 2016 | NAT
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Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap

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