Health problems: latest news

Health problems resources

  • Sexual dysfunction

    ‘Sexual dysfunction’ includes loss of sexual desire, painful sex, and problems with erection or orgasm.Stress, health problems and heavy drinking can contribute to sexual dysfunction.Help is available...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Cholesterol

    Excess cholesterol raises the risk of heart disease and stroke.Diet, exercise and smoking all have an impact on cholesterol levels.Some anti-HIV drugs may raise cholesterol levels....

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Managing advanced liver disease

    Over years or decades, chronic hepatitis B or C can cause serious liver disease including advanced fibrosis, cirrhosis or liver cancer (hepatocellular cancer). As scar tissue or tumours...

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • HIV & hepatitis

    This booklet gives information for people with HIV who also have hepatitis A, hepatitis B or hepatitis C....

    From: Booklets

    Information level Level 2
  • Pneumococcal disease

    Pneumococcal infections are common in people with HIV.Vaccination and HIV treatment reduce the risk reduces the risk of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD).Pneumococcal disease is treated...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Influenza ('flu')

    It is recommended that people with HIV are vaccinated against the flu.Flu is very contagious and spreads the same way as colds do.You can get...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Unintentional weight loss

    Weight loss is one of the most common symptoms of untreated HIV infection.It can occur at any stage of HIV infection.Unintentional weight loss can be...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Stroke

    A stroke happens when the blood supply to part of your brain is cut off.High blood pressure and high cholesterol are major risk factors for...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Skin problems

    A rash can be a symptom of recent HIV infection.Other infections can also cause skin problems.They may also be a side-effect or allergic reaction to...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Sight problems

    Sight problems are more likely to occur in people with very low CD4 counts.Most people with HIV don't experience eye problems related to HIV.Cytomegalovirus (CMV)...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Pain

    Pain can cause emotional and mental health problems.Medication can be used in both the short and long term to control pain.Treating underlying medical problems may...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Mouth problems

    Mouth problems are more likely to occur in people with low CD4 counts.They can be caused by either fungal, viral or baterial infections. You are...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Nausea and vomiting

    Nausea and vomiting are possible side-effects of many HIV drugs.Most often, these side-effects will go away after a few weeks of taking the drug.Medicines called...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Diarrhoea

    Diarrhoea is common in people with HIV, particularly those with a low CD4 count.It is a possible side-effect of some anti-HIV drugs.Your doctor can investigate...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Tiredness and fatigue

    Illnesses and drug side-effects can contribute to fatigue.People often report an increase in their energy levels after starting HIV treatment.A healthy balanced diet may help...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • High blood pressure

    You should have your blood pressure monitored regularly as part of your HIV care.HIV drugs can interact with other medicines to affect blood pressure.Blood pressure...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Diabetes

    Type 2 diabetes is more likely to occur as a person gets older.People taking HIV treatment should have their blood glucose monitored regularly.Type 2 diabetes...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Blood problems

    HIV-positive people with a low CD4 count sometimes also have low levels of other blood cells.Some of these problems may be caused by damage to the...

    From: Factsheets

    Information level Level 2
  • Lipodystrophy

    This section begins with an overview of metabolic and body-fat changes, including sections on Metabolism - the basics, HIV, HAART and metabolic changes and Treating...

    From: HIV treatments directory

    Information level Level 4
  • A to Z of symptoms

    Information on the symptoms commonly experienced by HIV-positive people, as a result of HIV infection or drug treatments, including their causes and what to do...

    From: HIV treatments directory

    Information level Level 4

Health problems features

Health problems in your own words

Health problems news from aidsmap

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Health problems news selected from other sources

  • Stigma and empty wallets make HIV positive people carry on despite pain

    Up to three quarters of people living with HIV suffer from pain. The Conversation Africa spoke to Antonia Wadley about research that measured activity and resilience among people living with HIV and pain.

    03 October 2016 | The Conversation
  • HIV Patients at Risk for Autoimmune Diseases

    Patients living with HIV/AIDS have an increased risk of developing several autoimmune diseases, a nationwide Taiwanese study suggested.

    15 September 2016 | MedPage Today
  • Not So Fast: Do people with HIV really experience accelerated aging?

    Recent talk about HIV and aging has almost always been scary. A number of studies conclude that people living with HIV have so-called “accelerated aging”—meaning they will suffer heart attacks, strokes, cancers, and osteoporosis more often and sooner than those without HIV. Well, this is one article on aging and HIV that will challenge the concept of people living with HIV having an early expiration date. Instead, we can look at what we know and what we don’t, to get a better idea of what the risks are for HIV-positive people growing older—and what they can do about them.

    08 July 2016 | Positively Aware
  • South Africa: Depression risks and HIV – A major problem largely ignored

    Depression is a major issue in South Africa among people living with HIV, but has received little attention. New studies have highlighted strong links between HIV-AIDS and mental illness including depression, heightened risks of violence faced by children affected by the virus, and some ways to tackle the problem.

    09 June 2016 | Medical Brief
  • HIV-infected organs transplanted at Birmingham hospital

    A Birmingham hospital has successfully transplanted two HIV infected organs into patients also suffering from the disease. Liver transplants, from two separate donors, were carried out at the Queen Elizabeth Hospital, in Edgbaston, in the pioneering procedures. Whilst one patient donated both kidneys in surgery performed at Guy’s Hospital, in London.

    19 May 2016 | Birmingham Mail
  • Cryptococcal meningitis: a blind spot in curbing AIDS

    Cryptococcal meningitis, a co-infection of HIV, is a leading killer of patients with AIDS worldwide. Yet it receives little global attention.

    15 April 2016 | The Lancet (requires free registration)
  • Older people with HIV face different long-term health challenges

    Canadian researchers collaborated on a massive data analysis project that collected health-related information from more than one million people, a small fraction of whom (less than 1%) had HIV. Overall, HIV-positive people had “more co-infections but fewer chronic diseases” compared to HIV-negative people. Furthermore, they found that HIV-positive people were generally more likely to have experienced “depression and social isolation and the use of psychotropic medicines.”

    24 March 2016 | CATIE
  • HIV identified as leading risk factor for stroke in young African adults

    HIV infection is the leading risk factor for stroke in young African adults, a new study by the University of Liverpool's Institute of Infection and Global Health has found.

    21 December 2015 | Eurekalert Inf Dis
  • “Can People with HIV Eat Sushi?”: Your HIV & Diet Questions Answered

    These days the top health concerns for people with HIV are the same nutrition and diet-associated health problems faced by other Americans, like becoming overweight or obese. I often worry more about the impact of fast food and soda on my patients than I do about them getting sick from something related to HIV.

    24 November 2015 | BETA blog
  • HPV Vaccination Not Associated with Increase in Sexually Transmitted Infections

    A barrier to human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccination has been the concern that it may promote unsafe sexual activity, but a new study of adolescent girls finds that HPV vaccination was not associated with increases in sexually transmitted infections (STIs), according to an article published online by JAMA Internal Medicine.

    11 February 2015 | JAMA press release
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Our information levels explained

  • Short and simple introductions to key HIV topics, sometimes illustrated with pictures.
  • Expands on the previous level, but also written in easy-to-understand plain language.
  • More detailed information, likely to include medical and scientific language.
  • Detailed, comprehensive information, using medical and specialised language.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.