Factors affecting transmission

Certain factors may increase the chance of mother-to-child (MTCT) HIV transmission:

  • Advanced HIV disease
  • Anaemia
  • Breastfeeding; mixed feeding (breast and formula)
  • Frequent unprotected se
  • Cervical or vaginal infections
  • Chorioamnionitis (inflammation of the membranes that cover the foetus)
  • Co-infection with other infectious illnesses
  • Genetic factors (of mother, infants, or virus)
  • High viral load
  • HIV-related wasting
  • Illicit drug use during pregnancy
  • Low CD4 cell count or CD4 percentage
  • Low maternal antibodies
  • Older age
  • Premature delivery
  • Prolonged or difficult labour
  • Smoking during pregnancy
  • Unprotected sex
  • Waters breaking more than four hours before delivery.
Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap