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Testing and health monitoring news

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US: 80% of new HIV cases transmitted by undiagnosed or untreated people

In 2016, more than 80% of new HIV infections in the United States were transmitted by individuals who either did not know they were infected with HIV or had been diagnosed but were not receiving care, according to data released on the first day of the National HIV Prevention Conference in Atlanta.

Published
19 March 2019
From
Healio
Q&A: Understanding persistent low-level viremia in people with HIV

Persistent low-level viremia among people living with HIV who are adhering to treatment is a challenging issue for clinicians, and there is not much guidance available.

Published
19 March 2019
From
Healio
More than 1 year to HIV control raises failure risk almost 10-fold

Failure to reach an undetectable viral load in the first year of antiretroviral therapy (ART) led to nearly a 10-fold higher risk of subsequent virologic failure in a 17,000-person North American analysis [1]. Taking more than 1 year to control HIV did not confer a higher risk of low-level viremia or viral blips in this 6-year study.

Published
15 March 2019
From
NATAP
CROI 2019: Interventions raise men’s HIV testing rates

A financial incentive as small as a $3 voucher for food dramatically increases HIV testing in areas with high HIV infection rates but low rates of testing, researchers said here. In places where HIV testing and linkage to care among men remain low while new infections among women and deaths from HIV among men remain high, scaling up the use of such small incentives may be an effective tool in increasing the number of people who know their HIV status, Hae-Young Kim of the Africa Health Research Institute said.

Published
14 March 2019
From
Science Speaks
Detectable HIV Despite Treatment? Clonal Expansion Could Be The Culprit

In a study of people with a low but detectable viral load despite adherence to treatment, infected cells were apparently cloning themselves.

Published
14 March 2019
From
Poz
When Undetectable Is Unachievable: Study Offers Insights into HIV Persistence

Rarely, people living with HIV are unable to maintain an undetectable viral load despite strict adherence to daily ART. New NIAID-funded research suggests that this sometimes can occur when a single cell from the HIV reservoir—the population of long-lived HIV-infected cells that ART cannot eradicate—multiplies to create many identical cells that produce enough virus to be detected by standard viral load tests.

Published
11 March 2019
From
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
HIV prevention study finds universal 'test and treat' approach can reduce new infections

New HIV infections declined by 30 percent in southern African communities where health workers conducted house-to-house voluntary HIV testing, referred people who tested positive to begin HIV treatment according to local guidelines, and offered other proven HIV prevention measures to those who tested negative. Local guidelines evolved during the study from offering HIV treatment based on immune health to offering immediate treatment for all.

Published
05 March 2019
From
NIH/National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
'Test and Treat' reduces new HIV infections by a third in African communities

New HIV infections in southern Africa could be reduced substantially by offering entire communities voluntary HIV testing, and immediately referring those who test positive for HIV treatment in line with local guidelines, according to new research presented at the Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections (CROI) in Seattle, USA today.

Published
05 March 2019
From
Imperial College London
Innovative HIV prevention projects reached 170,000 people in 2018

Projects working towards preventing HIV across England, which were funded by the Public Health England (PHE) HIV Innovation Fund, reached around 170,000 people at-risk of, or living with HIV - as well as the general public in 2017 to 2018.

Published
28 February 2019
From
Public Health England
Viral load monitoring motivates HIV treatment adherence in eSwatini

The treat-all policy will only succeed if people keep taking their HIV treatment. It is important to motivate people who started treatment while they were still feeling well. 

Published
24 February 2019
From
AVERT
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Community Consensus Statement on Access to HIV Treatment and its Use for Prevention

Together, we can make it happen

We can end HIV soon if people have equal access to HIV drugs as treatment and as PrEP, and have free choice over whether to take them.

Launched today, the Community Consensus Statement is a basic set of principles aimed at making sure that happens.

The Community Consensus Statement is a joint initiative of AVAC, EATG, MSMGF, GNP+, HIV i-Base, the International HIV/AIDS Alliance, ITPC and NAM/aidsmap
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This content was checked for accuracy at the time it was written. It may have been superseded by more recent developments. NAM recommends checking whether this is the most current information when making decisions that may affect your health.

NAM’s information is intended to support, rather than replace, consultation with a healthcare professional. Talk to your doctor or another member of your healthcare team for advice tailored to your situation.