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Long-Term Painkiller Use Linked to Higher Death Risk Among HIV-Positive Individuals

Long-term opioid use conferred a 40% higher death risk in a prospective study of U.S. veterans with or without HIV. The heightened risk ran to 46% in veterans with HIV compared with 25% in those without HIV. Long-term benzodiazepine use also inflated death risk in this population.

Published
17 June 2015
From
The Body
US funding for HIV treatment linked with employment gains in sub-Saharan Africa

We found that PEPFAR was associated with a 13 percent increase in employment among males in focus nations compared to non-focus ones. In contrast, no change in employment was observed among females. In addition, we found that increasing PEPFAR per capita funding by $100 was associated with a 9.1-percentage-point average increase in employment among males.

Published
15 June 2015
From
Brookings Institution (blog)
When to START has never been clearer

Posirtive Lite editor Bob Leahy in conversation with CATIE’s Sean Hosein about START, the important and ground-breaking study that recently provided definitive evidence of the health benefits of starting HIV treatment sooner rather than later.

Published
10 June 2015
From
Positive Lite
Gender difference in vital cell count of HIV patients

Male HIV patients in rural South Africa reach the low immunity levels required to become eligible for antiretroviral treatment in less than half the time it takes for immunity levels to drop to similar levels in women, according to new research. Researchers also found a link between potential proxy measures of nutritional status and disease progression, with those reporting food shortages and use of nutritional supplements reaching lower levels of immunity faster.

Published
10 June 2015
From
Science Daily
AIDS-Opportunistic Illness Mortality Lower but Still a Risk

Survival after the first diagnosis of AIDS-opportunistic illness (OI) has markedly improved since 1981, but some AIDS-OIs still carry a much higher mortality risk than others, according to a survival analysis published online June 3 in the Journal of Infectious Diseases.

Published
08 June 2015
From
Medscape
UNAIDS welcomes further evidence that starting antiretroviral therapy early saves lives

“Every person living with HIV should have immediate access to life-saving antiretroviral therapy,” said Michel Sidibé, Executive Director of UNAIDS. “Delaying access to HIV treatment under any pretext is denying the right to health.”

Published
28 May 2015
From
UNAIDS
i-Base Q&A on the START study results

On 27 May 2015, early results showed that the early treatment group did better. One of the surprises is that even at very high CD4 counts, treatment reduces the risk of HIV related illnesses.

Published
28 May 2015
From
HIV i-Base
Meth, Crack, Coke & Ecstasy: Effects on HIV Disease Progression

A team of researchers, in an article published in JAIDS, reported that they found no association between any frequency of stimulant use and mortality, and only a modest association between high-frequency stimulant use and the combined outcomes of mortality and progression to AIDS.

Published
21 April 2015
From
BETA blog
Kids Who Start HIV Treatment With Low CD4s Largely Regain Them

HIV-positive children who have low CD4 counts when starting treatment by and large experience a rebound to normal levels of those immune cells. After two years on HIV meds, 92 percent of the children achieved a CD4 count of 500 or above. Just nine children (1 percent) experienced an AIDS-defining illness during treatment. Children starting with fewer than 200 CD4 cells/mm3 took 1.29 years to reach a CD4 count over 500 cells/mm3.

Published
07 April 2015
From
AIDSMeds
More African Americans still die of HIV than whites and Latinos combined, CDC says

More African Americans still die of HIV than whites and Latinos combined, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention reported Thursday, but the black death rate is generally declining more quickly than it is for those other groups.

Published
09 February 2015
From
Washington Post
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